Pan-Genomic Analysis of Clostridium botulinum Group II (Non-Proteolytic C. botulinum) Associated with Foodborne Botulism and Isolated from the Environment

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Brunt , J , van Vliet , A H M , Stringer , S C , Carter , A T , Lindström , M & Peck , M W 2020 , ' Pan-Genomic Analysis of Clostridium botulinum Group II (Non-Proteolytic C. botulinum) Associated with Foodborne Botulism and Isolated from the Environment ' , Toxins , vol. 12 , no. 5 , 306 . https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050306

Title: Pan-Genomic Analysis of Clostridium botulinum Group II (Non-Proteolytic C. botulinum) Associated with Foodborne Botulism and Isolated from the Environment
Author: Brunt, Jason; van Vliet, Arnoud H. M.; Stringer, Sandra C.; Carter, Andrew T.; Lindström, Miia; Peck, Michael W.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: Toxins
ISSN: 2072-6651
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317891
Abstract: The neurotoxin formed byClostridium botulinumGroup II is a major cause of foodborne botulism, a deadly intoxication. This study aims to understand the genetic diversity and spread ofC. botulinumGroup II strains and their neurotoxin genes. A comparative genomic study has been conducted with 208 highly diverseC. botulinumGroup II strains (180 newly sequenced strains isolated from 16 countries over 80 years, 28 sequences from Genbank). Strains possessed a single type B, E, or F neurotoxin gene or were closely related strains with no neurotoxin gene. Botulinum neurotoxin subtype variants (including novel variants) with a unique amino acid sequence were identified. Core genome single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis identified two major lineages-one with type E strains, and the second dominated by subtype B4 strains with subtype F6 strains. This study revealed novel details of population structure/diversity and established relationships between whole-genome lineage, botulinum neurotoxin subtype variant, association with foodborne botulism, epidemiology, and geographical source. Additionally, the genome sequences represent a valuable resource for the research community (e.g., understanding evolution ofC. botulinumand its neurotoxin genes, dissecting key aspects ofC. botulinumGroup II biology). This may contribute to improved risk assessments and the prevention of foodborne botulism.
Subject: Clostridium botulinum
botulism
foodborne
neurotoxin
non-proteolytic
NONPROTEOLYTIC CLOSTRIDIUM-BOTULINUM
FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM
NEUROTOXIN GENE CLUSTERS
FOOD-BORNE BOTULISM
E STRAINS
TYPES B
DIVERSITY
TOXIN
SEQUENCE
IDENTIFICATION
416 Food Science
11832 Microbiology and virology
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