Ustyurtiidae, a new family of Urodoidea with description of a new genus and two species from Kazakhstan, and discussion on possible affinity of Urodoidea to Schreckensteinioidea (Lepidoptera)

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Kaila , L , Nupponen , K , Gorbunov , P Y , Mutanen , M & Heikkila , M 2020 , ' Ustyurtiidae, a new family of Urodoidea with description of a new genus and two species from Kazakhstan, and discussion on possible affinity of Urodoidea to Schreckensteinioidea (Lepidoptera) ' , Insect Systematics & Evolution , vol. 51 , no. 3 , pp. 444-471 . https://doi.org/10.1163/1876312X-00002209

Title: Ustyurtiidae, a new family of Urodoidea with description of a new genus and two species from Kazakhstan, and discussion on possible affinity of Urodoidea to Schreckensteinioidea (Lepidoptera)
Author: Kaila, Lauri; Nupponen, Kari; Gorbunov, Pavel Yu; Mutanen, Marko; Heikkila, Maria
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Lauri Kaila / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Zoology
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: Insect Systematics & Evolution
ISSN: 1399-560X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/317906
Abstract: Ustyurtiidae Kaila, Heikkila & Nupponen, a new family of Urodoidea is introduced. The family is based on the genus Ustyurtia Kaila, Heikkila & Nupponen, gen. n. The genus includes the type species U. zygophyllivara Kaila, Heikkila & Nupponen, sp. n. and U. charynica Kaila, Heikkila & Nupponen, sp. n., both from Kazakhstan. These two species, in particular the immature stages, have morphological attributes apomorphic of Urodoidea. The close affinity is also supported by DNA data based on several markers. We consider this new family warranted due to its sister group position to the remaining Urodoidea and a number of significant morphological differences in wing venation, male genitalia and the structure of the cocoon, apomorphic for Ustyurtiidae on the basis of an earlier published phylogeny. All other recognized genera of Urodoidea belong to the family Urodidae. The closest relatives and phylogenetic position of Urodoidea are not firmly established, but Urodoidea and Schreckensteinioidea have morphological similarities which, in the light of genetic analyses appear synapomorphic and possibly uniting these groups, rather than homoplasious as assumed earlier. The affinities of these superfamilies are discussed.
Subject: Ditrysia
phylogenetics
morphology
Zygophyllum
Ustyurtia
URODIDAE
PHYLOGENY
MOTHS
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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