The effect of a raw vs dry diet on serum biochemical, hematologic, blood iron, B12, and folate levels in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318157

Citation

Anturaniemi , J , Zaldívar-López , S , Moore , R , Kosola , M , Sankari , S , Barrouin-Melo , S M & Hielm-Björkman , A 2020 , ' The effect of a raw vs dry diet on serum biochemical, hematologic, blood iron, B 12 , and folate levels in Staffordshire Bull Terriers ' , Veterinary Clinical Pathology , vol. 49 , no. 2 , pp. 258-269 . https://doi.org/10.1111/vcp.12852

Title: The effect of a raw vs dry diet on serum biochemical, hematologic, blood iron, B12, and folate levels in Staffordshire Bull Terriers
Author: Anturaniemi, Johanna; Zaldívar-López, Sara; Moore, Robin; Kosola, Mikko; Sankari, Satu; Barrouin-Melo, Stella M.; Hielm-Björkman, Anna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Equine and Small Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Equine and Small Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Federal University of Bahia
University of Helsinki, Equine and Small Animal Medicine
Date: 2020-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
ISSN: 0275-6382
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318157
Abstract: Background To date, very few studies have compared the effects of different types of feeding practices on canine physiology, such as feeding exclusively dry, raw, or homemade foods. Objectives We aimed to report the changes in hematologic, serum biochemical, plasma folate, B-12, and whole blood iron levels in dogs fed two different diets. Methods A pilot study was developed to compare the effects of a heat-processed high carbohydrate (HPHC) and nonprocessed high-fat (NPHF) diet. A total of 33 client-owned Staffordshire Bull Terriers were used; 18 had canine atopic dermatitis, seven were healthy, and eight were grouped as "borderline" dogs since they did not fulfill at least six of Favrot's criteria. The comparisons were made between the diet groups at the end visit of the diet intervention, as well as within the diet groups during the study. Results Significant differences between and within the diet groups were observed, although the majority of outcomes remained within the RIs. The median time of diet intervention was 140 days. Red blood cell counts, mean cell hemoglobin concentrations, and platelet counts were significantly higher, and mean cell hemoglobin, mean cell volume, alkaline phosphatase, inorganic phosphorus, and cholesterol were significantly lower in the dogs fed the NPHF diet compared with those fed the HPHC diet after the diet trial was completed. In addition, folate, B-12, and iron decreased significantly in the NPHF diet group. Conclusions This pilot study indicated that diet had an impact on blood values, although most remained within RIs, pointing out the need for further studies.
Subject: blood
canine nutrition
carbohydrates
fats
food processing
CANINE ATOPIC-DERMATITIS
ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE
SEVERITY SCALE
DOG
ERYTHROPOIESIS
ADAPTATION
VALIDATION
MEDICINE
INSIGHTS
PROTEIN
413 Veterinary science
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
vcp.12852.pdf 908.2Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record