Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318198

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Räsänen , A , Lein , H , Bird , D & Setten , G 2020 , ' Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management ' , International journal of disaster risk reduction , vol. 45 , 101485 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101485

Title: Conceptualizing community in disaster risk management
Author: Räsänen, Aleksi; Lein, Haakon; Bird, Deanne; Setten, Gunhild
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: International journal of disaster risk reduction
ISSN: 2212-4209
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318198
Abstract: Community resilience is often assessed in disaster risk management (DRM) research and it has been argued that it should be strengthened for more robust DRM. However, the term community is seldom precisely defined and it can be understood in many ways. We argue that it is crucial to explore the concept of community within the context of DRM in more detail. We identify three dominating views of conceptualizing community (place-based community, interaction-based community, community of practice and interest), and discuss the relevance of these conceptualizations. We base this discussion on quantitative and qualitative empirical and policy document data regarding flood and storm risk management in Finland, wildfire risk management in Norway and volcanic risk management Iceland. According to our results, all three conceptualizations of community are visible but in differing situations. Our results emphasize the strong role of public sector in DRM in the studied countries. In disaster preparedness and response, a professionalized community of practice and interest appear to be the most prominent within all three countries. The interaction-based community of informal social networks is of less relevance, although its role is more visible in disaster response and recovery. The place-based (local) community is visible in some of the policy documents, but otherwise its role is rather limited. Finally, we argue that the measured resilience of a community depends on how the community is conceptualized and operationalized, and that the measures to strengthen resilience of a particular community should be different depending on what the focal community is.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
1172 Environmental sciences
Community of practice
Community resilience
Local community
Mixed methods
Natural hazard
Social networks
NATURAL HAZARDS
CLIMATE-CHANGE
RESILIENCE
VULNERABILITY
NETWORKS
CONSTRUCTION
PERSPECTIVES
DEFINITIONS
GOVERNANCE
BEHAVIOR
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