Genetic growth potential, rather than phenotypic size, predicts migration phenotype in Atlantic salmon

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318377

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Debes , P V , Piavchenko , N , Erkinaro , J & Primmer , C R 2020 , ' Genetic growth potential, rather than phenotypic size, predicts migration phenotype in Atlantic salmon ' , Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences , vol. 287 , no. 1931 , 20200867 . https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0867

Title: Genetic growth potential, rather than phenotypic size, predicts migration phenotype in Atlantic salmon
Author: Debes, Paul V.; Piavchenko, Nikolai; Erkinaro, Jaakko; Primmer, Craig R.
Contributor organization: Evolution, Conservation, and Genomics
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Institute of Biotechnology
Date: 2020-07-29
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences
ISSN: 0962-8452
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0867
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318377
Abstract: Knowledge of the relative importance of genetic versus environmental determinants of major developmental transitions is pertinent to understanding phenotypic evolution. In salmonid fishes, a major developmental transition enables a risky seaward migration that provides access to feed resources. In Atlantic salmon, initiation of the migrant phenotype, and thus age of migrants, is presumably controlled via thresholds of a quantitative liability, approximated by body size expressed long before the migration. However, how well size approximates liability, both genetically and environmentally, remains uncertain. We studied 32 Atlantic salmon families in two temperatures and feeding regimes (fully fed, temporarily restricted) to completion of migration status at age 1 year. We detected a lower migrant probability in the cold (0.42) than the warm environment (0.76), but no effects of male maturation status or feed restriction. By contrast, body length in late summer predicted migrant probability and its control reduced migrant probability heritability by 50-70%. Furthermore, migrant probability and length showed high heritabilities and between-environment genetic correlations, and were phenotypically highly correlated with stronger genetic than environmental contributions. Altogether, quantitative estimates for the genetic and environmental effects predicting the migrant phenotype indicate, for a given temperature, a larger importance of genetic than environmental size effects.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
partial migration
age-specific migration
threshold model
Atlantic salmon
smolting
GENERAL-METHODS
SALAR L
EVOLUTION
ECOLOGY
SMOLT
SMOLTIFICATION
HERITABILITY
CONSERVATION
PHOTOPERIOD
POPULATION
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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