La frase pseudoscissa nello svedese parlato e le sue caratteristiche interazionali

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Henricson , S & Lindström , J 2019 , ' La frase pseudoscissa nello svedese parlato e le sue caratteristiche interazionali ' , Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , vol. 120 , no. 2 , pp. 409-427 .

Title: La frase pseudoscissa nello svedese parlato e le sue caratteristiche interazionali
Alternative title: The phrase pseudoscissa in spoken Swedish and its interactional characteristcs
Author: Henricson, Sofie; Lindström, Jan
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Doktorandprogrammet i språkforskning
Helsingin yliopisto, Nordiska språk

Date: 2019
Language: ita
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen
ISSN: 0028-3754
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318500
Abstract: In this study we present an interactional linguistic analysis of pseudo-clefts in Swedish based on audio and video recordings of everyday and institutional conversations, resulting in a collection of 80 instances. The ‘free relative’ initiating the construction can have an English-style wh-word as an opener ("va" ‘what), but in the majority of cases there is a fused item consisting of a demonstrative and a relativizer ("det som"), in resemblance of "ce que" in French. Our collection shows that there is variation in the degree to which pseudo-cleft constructions are syntactically integrated: from fully integrated biclausal constructions (cleft clause + copula verb + main clause) to non-copular variants and further to variants in which the latter clause stands in a loose relation to the cleft clause or is aborted or even missing. The analysis shows that the initial part (cleft clause, or A-part) has an important turn-projecting function: it alerts the recipient about the pragmatic course of the speaker’s unfolding turn. This projected content is very much coded in the predicate verb of the A-part, which often refers to the speaker’s stance towards the issue at hand. Moreover, the construction constitutes a shift in the speaker’s ongoing reasoning or a narrative, signalling a transition from a positive to a critical stance or from the background of a telling to its peak or point. Half of our instances come from everyday interactions, the other half from institutional settings with asymmetric participant roles of the expert–non-expert kind. One feature that stands out in the institutional contexts is that pseudo-cleft constructions are typically produced by the expert part. Our findings shed new light on structural and functional properties of pseudo-clefts not only in the Swedish language but also more generally in mundane and institutional spoken interaction.
Subject: 6121 Languages
Pseudo-clefts
Social interaction
Interactional linguistics
Conversation Analysis
Emergent grammar
Pragmatics
Swedish
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