Understanding the use of urban green spaces from user-generated geographic information

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Heikinheimo , V V , Tenkanen , H , Bergroth , C , Järv , O , Hiippala , T & Toivonen , T 2020 , ' Understanding the use of urban green spaces from user-generated geographic information ' , Landscape and Urban Planning , vol. 201 , no. Sept. 2020 , 103845 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103845

Title: Understanding the use of urban green spaces from user-generated geographic information
Author: Heikinheimo, Vuokko Vilhelmiina; Tenkanen, Henrikki; Bergroth, Claudia; Järv, Olle; Hiippala, Tuomo; Toivonen, Tuuli
Contributor organization: Department of Geosciences and Geography
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Digital Geography Lab
English Philology
Department of Languages
Date: 2020-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Landscape and Urban Planning
ISSN: 0169-2046
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103845
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/318851
Abstract: Parks and other green spaces are an important part of sustainable, healthy and socially equal urban environment. Urban planning and green space management benefit from information about green space use and values, but such data are often scarce and laborious to collect. Temporally dynamic geographic information generated by different mobile devices and social media platforms are a promising source of data for studying green spaces. User-generated data have, however, platform specific characteristics that limit their potential use. In this article, we compare the ability of different user-generated data sets to provide information on where, when and how people use and value urban green spaces. We compare four types of data: social media, sports tracking, mobile phone operator and public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) data in a case study from Helsinki, Finland. Our results show that user-generated geographic information sources provide useful insights about being in, moving through and perceiving urban green spaces, as long as evident limitations and sample biases are acknowledged. Social media data highlight patterns of leisure time activities and allow further content analysis. Sports tracking data and mobile phone data capture green space use at different times of the day, including commuting through the parks. PPGIS studies allow asking specific questions from active participants, but might be limited in spatial and temporal extent. Combining information from multiple user-generated data sets complements traditional data sources and provides a more comprehensive understanding of green space use and preferences.
Subject: CITIES
Mobile phone data
Social media data
Sports tracking data
Urban green space
1172 Environmental sciences
5171 Political Science
519 Social and economic geography
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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