Effectiveness of child protection practice models : a systematic review

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Isokuortti , N , Aaltio , E , Laajasalo , T & Barlow , J 2020 , ' Effectiveness of child protection practice models : a systematic review ' , Child Abuse and Neglect , vol. 108 , 104632 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104632

Title: Effectiveness of child protection practice models : a systematic review
Author: Isokuortti, Nanne; Aaltio, Elina; Laajasalo, Taina; Barlow, Jane
Contributor organization: Social Work
Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Child Abuse and Neglect
ISSN: 0145-2134
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104632
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319113
Abstract: Background: Attempts to improve child protection outcomes by implementing social work practice models embedded in a particular theory and practice approach, have increased internationally over the past decade. Objective: To assess the evidence of the effectiveness of child protection practice models in improving outcomes for children and families. Participants and setting: Children <18 years and their families involved in child protection services. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence regarding the effectiveness of child protection practice models. Systematic searches across 10 electronic databases and grey literature were conducted to identify quasi-experimental studies minimally. Included studies were critically appraised and the findings summarized narratively. Results: Five papers, representing six studies, focusing on three practice models (Solution-Based Casework; Signs of Safety; and Reclaiming Social Work) met the inclusion criteria. All studies applied a quasi-experimental design. Overall, the quality of the evidence was rated as being poor, with studies suffering from a risk of selection bias, small sample sizes and short-term follow up. Conclusions: Despite the popularity of practice models, the evidence base for their effectiveness is still limited. The results suggest that high-quality studies are urgently needed to evaluate the impact of practice models in improving the outcomes of child-protection-involved families. The findings also illustrate the difficulties of conducting high-quality outcome evaluations in children's social care, and these challenges and future directions for research, are discussed.
Subject: 5145 Social work
Child protection
Practice models
Social work
Systematic review
515 Psychology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: closedAccess

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