Bilingual Notaries in Hellenistic Egypt. A Study of Greek as a Second Language

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319233

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Vierros , M 2012 , Bilingual Notaries in Hellenistic Egypt. A Study of Greek as a Second Language . Collectanea Hellenistica , no. 5 , Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten , Brussel .

Title: Bilingual Notaries in Hellenistic Egypt. A Study of Greek as a Second Language
Author: Vierros, Marja
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of World Cultures 2010-2017
Publisher: Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 291
Belongs to series: Collectanea Hellenistica
ISBN: 978 90 6569 103 3
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319233
Abstract: In the Upper Egyptian town Pathyris nearly twenty bilingual family archives have been found, dating to the second and first centuries BCE. They contain different types of documents, but contracts play an important role. Most of the Greek contracts were written by notaries (agoranomoi), whose native language was Egyptian. This study describes the language contact situation in Hellenistic Egypt in general and in Pathyris in particular. Notarial offices and scribal families in Upper Egypt are also discussed. The main focus of the study is a thorough phonological and morpho-syntactic analysis of the Greek language of the bilingual notaries. With the help of handwriting analysis, we get close to studying idiolects. Some of the notaries had more transfer features from their first language than others. Especially a notary called Hermias used creative strategies to avoid certain Greek structures and his Greek seems to present a learner’s interlanguage with first and second language structures intertwining.
Subject: 6121 Languages
Bilingualism
615 History and Archaeology
Hellenistic Egypt
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