Inadequate socialisation, inactivity, and urban living environment are associated with social fearfulness in pet dogs

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Puurunen , J , Hakanen , E , Salonen , M K , Mikkola , S , Sulkama , S , Araujo , C & Lohi , H 2020 , ' Inadequate socialisation, inactivity, and urban living environment are associated with social fearfulness in pet dogs ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 10 , no. 1 , 3527 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60546-w

Title: Inadequate socialisation, inactivity, and urban living environment are associated with social fearfulness in pet dogs
Author: Puurunen, Jenni; Hakanen, Emma; Salonen, Milla K.; Mikkola, Salla; Sulkama, Sini; Araujo, Cesar; Lohi, Hannes
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Hannes Tapani Lohi / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
University of Helsinki, Hannes Tapani Lohi / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Date: 2020-02-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319271
Abstract: Problematic behaviours are severe welfare issues for one of the world's most popular pets, the domestic dog. One of the most prevalent behavioural problem that causes distress to dogs is social fearfulness, meaning fear of conspecifics or unfamiliar people. To identify demographic and environmental factors associated with fear of dogs and strangers, logistic regression was utilised with a large dataset of 6,000 pet dogs collected through an owner-filled behavioural survey. Social fearfulness was associated with several factors, including urban environment, poor socialisation during puppyhood, infrequent participation in training and other activities, small body size, female sex, and neutering. In addition, we identified several breed differences, suggesting a genetic contribution to social fearfulness. These findings highlight the role of inadequate socialisation, inactivity, and urban living environmental in fear-related behavioural problems in dogs. Improvements in the management and breeding practices of dogs could, therefore, enhance the welfare of man's best friend.
Subject: BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS
RURAL DIFFERENCES
MENTAL-DISORDERS
COMORBIDITY
PREVALENCE
BOLDNESS
GENETICS
EXERCISE
GUIDE
FEAR
413 Veterinary science
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