Serious conditions among patients with non-specific chief complaints in the pre-hospital setting : a retrospective cohort study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319312

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Ivic , R , Kurland , L , Vicente , V , Castren , M & Bohm , K 2020 , ' Serious conditions among patients with non-specific chief complaints in the pre-hospital setting : a retrospective cohort study ' , Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , vol. 28 , no. 1 , 74 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-020-00767-0

Title: Serious conditions among patients with non-specific chief complaints in the pre-hospital setting : a retrospective cohort study
Author: Ivic, Robert; Kurland, Lisa; Vicente, Veronica; Castren, Maaret; Bohm, Katarina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Emergency Medicine and Services
Date: 2020-07-29
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
ISSN: 1757-7241
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319312
Abstract: Background Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are faced daily with patients presenting with a non-specific chief complaints (NSC); i.e. decreased general condition, general malaise, sense of illness, or just being unable to cope with usual daily activities. Patients presenting with NSCs often have normal vital signs. It has previously been established that however, NSCs may have a serious underlying condition that has yet to be identified. The primary outcome of this study was to determine the prevalence of serious conditions in patients presenting with NSCs to the EMS. Method A retrospective cohort study of patients >= 18 years of age who were reported as presenting with chief complaints compatible with NSCs to the EMS in Stockholm Region and transported to an emergency department between January 1st, 2013 and December 31st, 2013. Patients were identified via the EMS electronic health care record and followed via records from the National Patient Registry and Causes of Death Registry at Sweden's National Board for Health and Welfare. The definition of serious condition was defined by expert consensus. Descriptive statistics as well as regression analyses were used. Results A total of 3780 patients were included, with a median age of 77 years. A serious condition was present in 35.3% of the patients. The in-hospital mortality rate for the group with serious conditions was 10.1% (OR 6.8, CI 95%, 4.1-11.3), and the 30-day mortality rate was 20.2% (OR 3.1, CI 95%, 2.3-4.0). In the group with no serious conditions the rates were 1.0 and 4.2%, respectively. The total hospitalization rate was 67.6%. The presence of serious conditions as well as increased mortality rates were associated with Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment system (RETTS) as well as National Early Warning Score (NEWS) irrespective of triage score. Conclusion More than one-third of the patients presenting with NSCs to EMS had a serious underlying condition which was associated with increased mortality and hospitalization rates.
Subject: Pre-hospital emergency care
Non-specific complaints
Emergency medical service
EMERGENCY-DEPARTMENT
ELDERLY-PATIENTS
OUTCOMES
TRIAGE
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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