Phosphorylation of MAP Kinases crucially controls the response to environmental stress in Dunaliella viridis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319484

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Ortiz Charneco , G , Parages , M L , Camarena-Gómez , M T & Jimenez , C 2018 , ' Phosphorylation of MAP Kinases crucially controls the response to environmental stress in Dunaliella viridis ' , Environmental and Experimental Botany , vol. 156 , pp. 203-213 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.08.030

Title: Phosphorylation of MAP Kinases crucially controls the response to environmental stress in Dunaliella viridis
Author: Ortiz Charneco, Guillermo; Parages, Maria L.; Camarena-Gómez, M. Teresa; Jimenez, Carlos
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Tvärminne Zoological Station
Date: 2018-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Environmental and Experimental Botany
ISSN: 0098-8472
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319484
Abstract: The green unicellular microalga Dunaliella viridis has the ability to cope with a wide variety of environmental stressful conditions, such as thermal and osmotic shocks, high PAR, UV radiation and nitrogen deficiency. The lack of a rigid cell wall makes D. viridis an excellent model organism to study stress signaling in eukaryotic unicellular organisms. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are highly conserved serine/threonine kinases that convert extracellular stimuli into a wide range of responses at both cellular and nuclear levels. In eukaryotic cells, MAPKs are involved in both cell proliferation and differentiation (ERK pathway) and stress responses (JNK and p38 pathways), through protein kinase cascades. Significantly lesser phosphorylation levels of ERK-like protein were observed in D. viridis cultures acclimated to high salinity (3-4 M NaCl). In contrast, JNK-like and p38-like proteins phosphorylation levels increased in stressed cells. Likewise, the efficacy of specific commercial inhibitors of the phosphorylation of ERK (PD98059), JNK (SP600125) and p38 (SB203580) revealed the importance of JNK-like proteins in the maintenance of cell viability, the highlighted participation of p38-like proteins and the non-direct implication of the ERK-like proteins in the acclimatization process. In summary, specific blockade of JNK- and p38-like cascades in stressed cells led to rapid cell death. The behavior of MAPK-like proteins in algae is not known in depth, so the analysis of their mechanism of action, as well as their function in this model microalga, will allow to estimate the fate of unicellular eukaryotic organisms in aquatic ecosystems subjected to environmental stress derived from the conditions prevailing within a framework of global climate change.
Subject: Dunaliella
MAP Kinases
Environmental stress
Hypersalinity
UV radiation
High irradiance
Acclimatization
Climate change
ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE
HALOTOLERANT ALGA DUNALIELLA
PLANT SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION
UV-RADIATION STRESS
ABIOTIC STRESS
TEMPERATURE
TERTIOLECTA
MACROALGAE
SALINITY
PATHWAYS
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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