Long-Term Consequences of Water Pumping on the Ecosystem Functioning of Lake Sekšu, Latvia

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Zawiska , I , Dimante-Deimantovica , I , Luoto , T P , Rzodkiewicz , M , Saarni , S , Stivrins , N , Tylmann , W , Lanka , A , Robeznieks , M & Jilbert , T 2020 , ' Long-Term Consequences of Water Pumping on the Ecosystem Functioning of Lake Sekšu, Latvia ' , Water (Basel) , vol. 12 , no. 5 , 1459 . https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051459

Title: Long-Term Consequences of Water Pumping on the Ecosystem Functioning of Lake Sekšu, Latvia
Author: Zawiska, Izabela; Dimante-Deimantovica, Inta; Luoto, Tomi P.; Rzodkiewicz, Monika; Saarni, Saija; Stivrins, Normunds; Tylmann, Wojciech; Lanka, Anna; Robeznieks, Martins; Jilbert, Tom
Contributor organization: Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Environmental Change Research Unit (ECRU)
Aquatic Biogeochemistry Research Unit (ABRU)
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Marine Ecosystems Research Group
Date: 2020-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 21
Belongs to series: Water (Basel)
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051459
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319543
Abstract: Cultural eutrophication, the process by which pollution due to human activity speeds up natural eutrophication, is a widespread and consequential issue. Here, we present the 85-year history of a small, initially Lobelia-Isoetes dominated lake. The lake's ecological deterioration was intensified by water pumping station activities when it received replenishment water for more than 10 years from a eutrophic lake through a pipe. In this study, we performed a paleolimnological assessment to determine how the lake's ecosystem functioning changed over time. A multi-proxy (pollen, Cladocera, diatoms, and Chironomidae) approach was applied alongside a quantitative reconstruction of total phosphorus using diatom and hypolimnetic dissolved oxygen with chironomid-based transfer functions. The results of the biotic proxy were supplemented with a geochemical analysis. The results demonstrated significant changes in the lake community's structure, its sediment composition, and its redox conditions due to increased eutrophication, water level fluctuations, and erosion. The additional nutrient load, particularly phosphorus, increased the abundance of planktonic eutrophic-hypereutrophic diatoms, the lake water's transparency decreased, and hypolimnetic anoxia occurred. Cladocera, Chironomidae, and diatoms species indicated a community shift towards eutrophy, while the low trophy species were suppressed or disappeared.
Subject: eutrophication
water level fluctuation
multi-proxy approach
Cladocera
Chironomidae
diatoms
Northern Europe
SOUTHERN FINLAND
ORGANIC-MATTER
CULTURAL EUTROPHICATION
HYPOLIMNETIC OXYGEN
LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS
SEDIMENTS
STATE
INDICATORS
DIAGENESIS
INDEXES
1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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