Physical Activity across Retirement Transition by Occupation and Mode of Commute

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319601

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Pulakka , A , Leskinen , T , Suorsa , K , Pentti , J , Halonen , J I , Vahtera , J & Stenholm , S 2020 , ' Physical Activity across Retirement Transition by Occupation and Mode of Commute ' , Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise , vol. 52 , no. 9 , pp. 1900-1907 . https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002326

Title: Physical Activity across Retirement Transition by Occupation and Mode of Commute
Author: Pulakka, Anna; Leskinen, Tuija; Suorsa, Kristin; Pentti, Jaana; Halonen, Jaana I.; Vahtera, Jussi; Stenholm, Sari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
Date: 2020-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
ISSN: 0195-9131
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319601
Abstract: Purpose Retirement induces changes in the composition of daily physical activity. Our aim was to examine changes in accelerometer-measured physical activity around transition to statutory retirement among men and women by occupational category and by preretirement modes of commuting. Methods We included 562 workers (mean [SD] age, 63.3 [1.1] yr; 85% women) from the Finnish Retirement and Aging study. The participants wore an accelerometer on their nondominant wrist for 1 wk before and 1 wk after retirement, with 1 yr between the measurements. We compared mean daily activity counts before and after retirement between manual and nonmanual occupations by gender and by preretirement commuting mode using linear models with generalized estimating equations. Results Before retirement, women were more active than men (2550 (95% confidence interval, 2500-2590) vs 2060 (1970-2140) mean daily activity counts), with the most active group being women in manual occupations. After retirement, physical activity decreased by 3.9% among women and increased, albeit nonsignificantly, by 3.1% in men. The decrease was most pronounced among women in manual and increase among men in nonmanual occupations. After retirement, women remained more active than men (2450 (95% confidence interval 2390-2500) vs 2120 (2010-2230) counts). Active commuting, especially cycling, before retirement was associated with higher physical activity both before and after retirement, and these people also maintained their total activity lever better than did those who commuted by public transportation. Conclusions Although women in manual occupations decreased and men in nonmanual occupations increased their activity after retirement, women were more active than men both before and after retirement. Those who engaged in active commuting before retirement maintained their activity level also after retirement.
Subject: ACCELEROMETER
RETIREMENT TRANSITION
OCCUPATION
TRANSPORT
COMMUTING
TIME
ADULTS
HEALTH
315 Sport and fitness sciences
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