Macroevolutionary evidence suggests trait-dependent coevolution between behavior and life-history

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Eckerström-Liedholm , S , Sowersby , W , Morozov , S , van der Bijl , W , Rowiński , P K , Gonzalez-Voyer , A & Rogell , B 2019 , ' Macroevolutionary evidence suggests trait-dependent coevolution between behavior and life-history ' , Evolution , vol. 73 , no. 11 , pp. 2312-2323 .

Title: Macroevolutionary evidence suggests trait-dependent coevolution between behavior and life-history
Author: Eckerström-Liedholm, Simon; Sowersby, Will; Morozov, Sergey; van der Bijl, Wouter; Rowiński, Piotr K.; Gonzalez-Voyer, Alejandro; Rogell, Björn
Contributor organization: Ecological Genetics Research Unit
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2019-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Evolution
ISSN: 0014-3820
Abstract: ABSTRACT Species with fast life-histories typically prioritize current over future reproductive events, compared to species with slow life-histories. These species therefore require greater energetic input into reproduction, and also likely have less time to realize their reproductive potential. Hence, behaviours that increase access to both resources and mating opportunities, at a cost of increased mortality risk, could coevolve with the pace of life-history. However, whether this prediction holds across species, remains untested under standardized conditions. Here, we test how risky behaviours, which facilitate access to resources and mating opportunities (i.e. activity, boldness and aggression), along with metabolic rate, coevolve with the pace of life-history across 20 species of killifish that present remarkable divergences in the pace of life-history. We found a positive association between the pace of life-history and aggression, but interestingly not with other behavioural traits or metabolic rate. Aggression is linked to interference competition, and in killifishes is often employed to secure mates, while activity and boldness are more relevant for exploiting energetic resources. Our results suggest that the trade-off between current and future reproduction plays a more prominent role in shaping mating behaviour, while behaviours related to energy acquisition may be influenced by ecological factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Subject: killifish
life-history trade-offs
pace-of-life syndrome (POLS) hypothesis
risk-taking behaviour
standard metabolic rate (SMR)
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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