VISUAL-CC system uncovers the role of GSK3 as an orchestrator of vascular cell type ratio in plants

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Tamaki , T , Oya , S , Naito , M , Ozawa , Y , Furuya , T , Saito , M , Sato , M , Wakazaki , M , Toyooka , K , Fukuda , H , Helariutta , Y & Kondo , Y 2020 , ' VISUAL-CC system uncovers the role of GSK3 as an orchestrator of vascular cell type ratio in plants ' , Communications Biology , vol. 3 , no. 1 , 184 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-020-0907-3

Title: VISUAL-CC system uncovers the role of GSK3 as an orchestrator of vascular cell type ratio in plants
Author: Tamaki, Takayuki; Oya, Satoyo; Naito, Makiko; Ozawa, Yasuko; Furuya, Tomoyuki; Saito, Masato; Sato, Mayuko; Wakazaki, Mayumi; Toyooka, Kiminori; Fukuda, Hiroo; Helariutta, Ykä; Kondo, Yuki
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2020-04-22
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Communications Biology
ISSN: 2399-3642
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320190
Abstract: The phloem transports photosynthetic assimilates and signalling molecules. It mainly consists of sieve elements (SEs), which act as "highways" for transport, and companion cells (CCs), which serve as "gates" to load/unload cargos. Though SEs and CCs function together, it remains unknown what determines the ratio of SE/CC in the phloem. Here we develop a new culture system for CC differentiation in Arabidopsis named VISUAL-CC, which almost mimics the process of the SE-CC complex formation. Comparative expression analysis in VISUAL-CC reveals that SE and CC differentiation tends to show negative correlation, while total phloem differentiation is unchanged. This varying SE/CC ratio is largely dependent on GSK3 kinase activity. Indeed, gsk3 hextuple mutants possess many more SEs and fewer CCs, whereas gsk3 gain-of-function mutants partially increase the CC number. Taken together, GSK3 activity appears to function as a cell-fate switch in the phloem, thereby balancing the SE/CC ratio. Tamaki et al. develop VISUAL-CC to study SE-CC (sieve elements-companion cells) complex formation. They show that the balance in the SE/CC ratio is dependent on GSK3 activity using different genetic backgrounds. Their work provides insights on the role of GSK3 as a cell-fate switch in the phloem.
Subject: PHLOEM
CYTOCHROME-P450
XYLEM
GENE
DIFFERENTIATION
EXPRESSION
INDUCTION
REVEALS
ENCODES
LOCUS
11831 Plant biology
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