Quantifying the spatial distribution and trends of supplementary feeding sites in South Africa and their potential contribution to vulture energetic requirements

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) en
dc.contributor.author Brink, C. W.
dc.contributor.author Santangeli, A.
dc.contributor.author Amar, A.
dc.contributor.author Wolter, K.
dc.contributor.author Tate, G.
dc.contributor.author Krüger, S.
dc.contributor.author Tucker, A. S.
dc.contributor.author Thomson, R. L.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-16T10:32:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-16T10:32:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-10
dc.identifier.citation Brink , C W , Santangeli , A , Amar , A , Wolter , K , Tate , G , Krüger , S , Tucker , A S & Thomson , R L 2020 , ' Quantifying the spatial distribution and trends of supplementary feeding sites in South Africa and their potential contribution to vulture energetic requirements ' , Animal Conservation , vol. 23 , no. 5 , pp. 491-501 . https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12561 en
dc.identifier.issn 1367-9430
dc.identifier.other PURE: 129669716
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: b77bf7d1-a402-4cb5-850c-bd4b73437b36
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:1BFB984F2763596F6E663D8C85396E7D
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000505168300001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320389
dc.description.abstract Old world vultures are the most threatened group of raptors globally. Supplementary feeding sites (SFS) are a popular conservation tool, widely used to assist vulture populations. Despite their popularity, the impact of SFS on vultures remains largely unstudied. A lack of knowledge on the number, distribution and management of SFS is a key factor hindering such research. In this study, we compile records of SFS in South Africa and conduct questionnaires with SFS managers to characterize SFS. We identify 143 currently active SFS. Our data suggest that SFS numbers have been stable over the last decade. The average provisioning rate for all SFS was 64.6 kg day(-1). Overall SFS provide an estimated 3301 tonnes of food to scavengers each year, the equivalent of 83% of the energetic needs of all vultures in the region. This contribution was highly skewed, however, with just 17% of active SFS sites providing 69% of all food. Furthermore, these resources were not equally distributed, with SFS in Limpopo, North West and Kwazulu-Natal provinces providing 83% of the total meat provisioned. The three most common meat types provided at SFS were beef (39%), pork (33%) and game (19%). Worryingly, we found that 68% and 28% of SFS managers were unaware of the potential harmful effects of lead and veterinary drugs, respectively, which highlights potential poisoning risks associated with SFS. Examining exposure to SFS by different vulture species, we found that whilst SFS are accessible across the distribution range of vultures with large home ranges (e.g. African white-backed and Cape vultures), those species with smaller home ranges have relatively poor accessibility. With this study, we demonstrate the potential importance, but also associated risks, of SFS to vultures in South Africa, and provide the information base to assess the impacts of this popular but as yet largely unassessed conservation tool. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Animal Conservation
dc.rights en
dc.subject COMPETITION en
dc.subject CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT en
dc.subject EXPOSURE en
dc.subject HOME-RANGE en
dc.subject INCREASE en
dc.subject MEAT QUALITY en
dc.subject POPULATION en
dc.subject PRODUCTIVITY en
dc.subject SLAUGHTER en
dc.subject WIDESPREAD en
dc.subject anthropogenic food en
dc.subject conservation management en
dc.subject energetics en
dc.subject food supplementation en
dc.subject scavengers en
dc.subject supplementary feeding en
dc.subject vulture restaurants en
dc.subject vultures en
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology en
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences en
dc.title Quantifying the spatial distribution and trends of supplementary feeding sites in South Africa and their potential contribution to vulture energetic requirements en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12561
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl
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