Does Compassion Predict Blood Pressure and Hypertension? The Modifying Role of Familial Risk for Hypertension

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Saarinen , A I L , Keltikangas-Järvinen , L , Hintsa , T , Pulkki-Råback , L , Ravaja , N , Lehtimäki , T , Raitakari , O & Hintsanen , M 2020 , ' Does Compassion Predict Blood Pressure and Hypertension? The Modifying Role of Familial Risk for Hypertension ' , International Journal of Behavioral Medicine , vol. 27 , no. 5 , pp. 527-538 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09886-5

Title: Does Compassion Predict Blood Pressure and Hypertension? The Modifying Role of Familial Risk for Hypertension
Author: Saarinen, Aino I. L.; Keltikangas-Järvinen, Liisa; Hintsa, Taina; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Ravaja, Niklas; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli; Hintsanen, Mirka
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland (UEF)
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, University of Oulu




Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
ISSN: 1532-7558
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09886-5
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320470
Abstract: Background This study investigated (i) whether compassion is associated with blood pressure or hypertension in adulthood and (ii) whether familial risk for hypertension modifies these associations. Method The participants (N = 1112-1293) came from the prospective Young Finns Study. Parental hypertension was assessed in 1983-2007; participants' blood pressure in 2001, 2007, and 2011; hypertension in 2007 and 2011 (participants were aged 30-49 years in 2007-2011); and compassion in 2001. Results High compassion predicted lower levels of diastolic and systolic blood pressure in adulthood. Additionally, high compassion was related to lower risk for hypertension in adulthood among individuals with no familial risk for hypertension (independently of age, sex, participants' and their parents' socioeconomic factors, and participants' health behaviors). Compassion was not related to hypertension in adulthood among individuals with familial risk for hypertension. Conclusion High compassion predicts lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure in adulthood. Moreover, high compassion may protect against hypertension among individuals without familial risk for hypertension. As our sample consisted of comparatively young participants, our findings provide novel implications for especially early-onset hypertension.
Subject: 515 Psychology
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Blood pressure
Compassion
Personality
Familial risk
Health behavior
Hypertension
EDUCATION-PROGRAM RECOMMENDATIONS
REVISED TCI-R
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
CLONINGERS TEMPERAMENT
RESISTANT HYPERTENSION
UNITED-STATES
PERSONALITY
METAANALYSIS
INTERVENTIONS
REDUCTION
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