The Origin of Massive Stars : The Inertial-inflow Model

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Padoan , P , Pan , L , Juvela , M , Haugbolle , T & Nordlund , Å 2020 , ' The Origin of Massive Stars : The Inertial-inflow Model ' , Astrophysical Journal , vol. 900 , no. 1 , 82 . https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abaa47

Title: The Origin of Massive Stars : The Inertial-inflow Model
Author: Padoan, Paolo; Pan, Liubin; Juvela, Mika; Haugbolle, Troels; Nordlund, Åke
Contributor organization: Department of Physics
Date: 2020-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 32
Belongs to series: Astrophysical Journal
ISSN: 0004-637X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abaa47
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320517
Abstract: We address the problem of the origin of massive stars, namely the origin, path, and timescale of the mass flows that create them. Based on extensive numerical simulations, we propose a scenario where massive stars are assembled by large-scale, converging, inertial flows that naturally occur in supersonic turbulence. We refer to this scenario of massive-star formation as the inertial-inflow model. This model stems directly from the idea that the mass distribution of stars is primarily the result of turbulent fragmentation. Under this hypothesis, the statistical properties of turbulence determine the formation timescale and mass of prestellar cores, posing definite constraints on the formation mechanism of massive stars. We quantify such constraints by analyzing a simulation of supernova-driven turbulence in a 250 pc region of the interstellar medium, describing the formation of hundreds of massive stars over a time of approximately 30 Myr. Due to the large size of our statistical sample, we can say with full confidence that massive stars in general do not form from the collapse of massive cores nor from competitive accretion, as both models are incompatible with the numerical results. We also compute synthetic continuum observables in the Herschel and ALMA bands. We find that, depending on the distance of the observed regions, estimates of core mass based on commonly used methods may exceed the actual core masses by up to two orders of magnitude and that there is essentially no correlation between estimated and real core masses.
Subject: Interstellar medium
Protostars
Interstellar dynamics
Magnetohydrodynamics
Star formation
ADAPTIVE MESH REFINEMENT
SUPER-ALFVENIC MODEL
MOLECULAR CLOUDS PREDICTIONS
ORDER GODUNOV SCHEME
DENSE CORES
GRAVITATIONAL COLLAPSE
CONSTRAINED TRANSPORT
INITIAL CONDITIONS
MAGNETIC-FIELD
MAIN CLOUD
115 Astronomy, Space science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: other
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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