ATOMS : ALMA three-millimeter observations of massive star-forming regions - II. Compact objects in ACA observations and star formation scaling relations

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Liu , T , Evans , N J , Kim , K-T , Goldsmith , P F , Liu , S-Y , Zhang , Q , Tatematsu , K , Wang , K , Juvela , M , Bronfman , L , Cunningham , M R , Garay , G , Hirota , T , Lee , J-E , Kang , S-J , Li , D , Li , P-S , Mardones , D , Qin , S-L , Ristorcelli , I , Tej , A , Toth , L V , Wu , J-W , Wu , Y-F , Yi , H , Yun , H-S , Liu , H-L , Peng , Y-P , Li , J , Li , S H , Lee , C W , Shen , Z-Q , Baug , T , Wang , J-Z , Zhang , Y , Issac , N , Zhu , F-Y , Luo , Q-Y , Liu , X-C , Xu , F-W , Wang , Y , Zhang , C , Ren , Z & Zhang , C 2020 , ' ATOMS : ALMA three-millimeter observations of massive star-forming regions - II. Compact objects in ACA observations and star formation scaling relations ' , Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , vol. 496 , no. 3 , pp. 2821-2835 . https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa1501

Title: ATOMS : ALMA three-millimeter observations of massive star-forming regions - II. Compact objects in ACA observations and star formation scaling relations
Author: Liu, Tie; Evans, Neal J.; Kim, Kee-Tae; Goldsmith, Paul F.; Liu, Sheng-Yuan; Zhang, Qizhou; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi; Wang, Ke; Juvela, Mika; Bronfman, Leonardo; Cunningham, Maria R.; Garay, Guido; Hirota, Tomoya; Lee, Jeong-Eun; Kang, Sung-Ju; Li, Di; Li, Pak-Shing; Mardones, Diego; Qin, Sheng-Li; Ristorcelli, Isabelle; Tej, Anandmayee; Toth, L. Viktor; Wu, Jing-Wen; Wu, Yue-Fang; Yi, Hee-weon; Yun, Hyeong-Sik; Liu, Hong-Li; Peng, Ya-Ping; Li, Juan; Li, Shang Huo; Lee, Chang Won; Shen, Zhi-Qiang; Baug, Tapas; Wang, Jun-Zhi; Zhang, Yong; Issac, Namitha; Zhu, Feng-Yao; Luo, Qiu-Yi; Liu, Xun-Chuan; Xu, Feng-Wei; Wang, Yu; Zhang, Chao; Ren, Zhiyuan; Zhang, Chao
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2020-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0035-8711
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320607
Abstract: We report studies of the relationships between the total bolometric luminosity (L-bol or L-TIR) and the molecular line luminosities of J = 1 - 0 transitions of (HCN)-C-13, (HCO+)-C-13, HCN, and HCO+ with data obtained from ACA observations in the 'ATOMS' survey of 146 active Galactic star-forming regions. The correlations between L-bol and molecular line luminosities L-mol' of the four transitions all appear to be approximately linear. Line emission of isotopologues shows as large scatters in L-bol-L-mol' relations as their main line emission. The log(L-bol/L-mol') for different molecular line tracers have similar distributions. The L-bol-to-L-mol' ratios do not change with galactocentric distances (R-GC) and clump masses (M-clump). The molecular line luminosity ratios (HCN-to-HCO+, (HCN)-C-13-to-(HCO+)-C-13, HCN-to-(HCN)-C-13, and HCO+-to-(HCO+)-C-13) all appear constant against L-bol, dust temperature (T-d), M-clump, and R-GC. Our studies suggest that both the main lines and isotopologue lines are good tracers of the total masses of dense gas in Galactic molecular clumps. The large optical depths of main lines do not affect the interpretation of the slopes in star formation relations. We find that the mean star formation efficiency (SFE) of massive Galactic clumps in the 'ATOMS' survey is reasonably consistent with other measures of the SFE for dense gas, even those using very different tracers or examining very different spatial scales.
Subject: stars: formation
ISM: clouds
ISM: molecules
galaxies: star formation
DENSE MOLECULAR GAS
MILKY-WAY
TRACERS
CLUMPS
HCN
115 Astronomy, Space science
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