Impact of partial harvest on CH4 and N2O balances of a drained boreal peatland forest

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Korkiakoski , M , Ojanen , P , Penttila , T , Minkkinen , K , Sarkkola , S , Rainne , J , Laurila , T & Lohila , A 2020 , ' Impact of partial harvest on CH4 and N2O balances of a drained boreal peatland forest ' , Agricultural and Forest Meteorology , vol. 295 , 108168 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108168

Title: Impact of partial harvest on CH4 and N2O balances of a drained boreal peatland forest
Author: Korkiakoski, Mika; Ojanen, Paavo; Penttila, Timo; Minkkinen, Kari; Sarkkola, Sakari; Rainne, Juuso; Laurila, Tuomas; Lohila, Annalea
Contributor organization: Department of Forest Sciences
Forest Ecology and Management
Kari Minkkinen / Principal Investigator
Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Date: 2020-12-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
ISSN: 0168-1923
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2020.108168
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320612
Abstract: Rotation forestry including clearcutting is a common method of practising forestry in Fennoscandia. Clearcutting in peatland forests markedly increases environmental loading: leaching of nutrients and methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes from soil. Continuous cover forestry has been suggested as an alternative because it does not include clearcutting but partial harvesting. However, impacts of partial harvesting on greenhouse gas fluxes are not well understood and in peatlands have not been studied at all. We conducted a partial harvest by removing 70% of the total stem volume in a mature nutrient-rich peatland forest in Southern Finland. The aim was to investigate how partial harvesting a peatland forest affects CH4 and N2O balances, and how much different surface types contribute to the balances. We used automatic and manual chamber methods to measure fluxes from both harvest and uncut control site. Fluxes were measured from the forest floor, logging trails, and ditches. Fluxes from these surface types were upscaled to obtain net ecosystem-level fluxes during two postharvest summers (June-August 2016 and 2017). After the harvest, forest floor CH4 fluxes did not change significantly at the harvested site compared to the control site. However, fluxes at logging trails increased significantly. N2O fluxes increased at the harvest site in the post-harvest years, but so did those at the control site as well. Upscaling CH4 fluxes to ecosystem-level indicated that despite their small area (2.4%), emissions from ditches could be large on ecosystem-scale, but their uncertainty was high, while the logging trail CH4 fluxes (20% of the total area) were small. In contrast, N2O fluxes from ditches were low, but the logging trail fluxes comprised 35-38% of the total surface balance. The overall conclusion is that partial harvesting did not cause considerable changes in CH4 and N2O fluxes from a forestry-drained peatland.
Subject: 4112 Forestry
Methane
Nitrous oxide
Flux
Peatland forestry
Selective harvest
Disturbance
NITROUS-OXIDE EMISSIONS
GREENHOUSE-GAS
NORTHERN PEATLANDS
METHANE EXCHANGE
SOIL-TEMPERATURE
LOGGING RESIDUE
CHAMBER SYSTEM
ENERGY FLUXES
PINE FOREST
CARBON
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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