Whole genome sequence analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes, multilocus sequence types and plasmid sequences in ESBL/AmpC Escherichia coli isolated from broiler caecum and meat

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Päivärinta , M , Latvio , S , Fredriksson-Ahomaa , M & Heikinheimo , A 2020 , ' Whole genome sequence analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes, multilocus sequence types and plasmid sequences in ESBL/AmpC Escherichia coli isolated from broiler caecum and meat ' , International Journal of Food Microbiology , vol. 315 , 108361 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2019.108361

Title: Whole genome sequence analysis of antimicrobial resistance genes, multilocus sequence types and plasmid sequences in ESBL/AmpC Escherichia coli isolated from broiler caecum and meat
Author: Päivärinta, M.; Latvio, S.; Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M.; Heikinheimo, A.
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health



Date: 2020-02-16
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: International Journal of Food Microbiology
ISSN: 0168-1605
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2019.108361
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320756
Abstract: Plasmid-encoded extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC gene-carrying Escherichia coli (ESBL/AmpC E. coli) is an increasing cause of human infections worldwide. Increasing carbapenem and colistin resistance further complicate treatment of these infections. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of ESBL/AmpC E. coli in different broiler flocks and farms, as well as in broiler meat, in a country with no antimicrobial usage in broiler production. An additional goal was to assess the genetic characteristics of ESBL/AmpC E. coli isolates by using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Altogether 520 caecal swabs and 85 vacuum-packed broiler meat samples were investigated at the slaughterhouse level. WGS of the bacterial isolates revealed acquired antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes, multilocus sequence types (MLST) and plasmid sequences. ESBL/AmpC E. coli was identified in 92 (18%) of the caecum and 27 (32%) of the meat samples. ESBL/AmpC E. coli-carrying birds derived from six (33%) out of 18 farms. Of the two blaESBL/AmpC genes detected by PCR, blaCMY-2 (96%) was predominant over blaCTX-M-1 (4%). Furthermore, WGS revealed an additional AMR gene sul2. Carbapenemase, colistin, and other AMR genes were not detected from the isolates of either the caecal or meat samples. Altogether seven MLSTs (ST101, ST117, ST212, ST351, ST373, ST1594 and an unknown ST) and a variety of different plasmid sequences (IncB/O/K/Z, IncI1, IncFII, IncII, IncFIB, IncFIC, IncX1 and an additional set of Col-plasmids) were detected. This is the first study on genomic epidemiology of ESBL/AmpC E. coli on broiler farms and flocks with no antimicrobial usage, by using WGS analysis. Results show that ESBL/AmpC E. coli occurrence is common both in the caecum and in the packaged meat. However, compared to other European countries, the occurrence is low and the presence of AMR genes other than blaCMY-2 and blaCTX-M-1 is rare. More studies are needed to understand the ESBL/AmpC E. coli occurrence in broiler production to prevent the meat from contamination during slaughter and processing, thereby also preventing zoonotic transmission of ESBL/AmpC E. coli. Additionally, more studies are needed to understand the ecology and fitness cost of Enterobacteriaceae plasmids in animal production in order to prevent their acquisition of plasmid-encoded antimicrobial resistance genes such as carbapenem and colistin resistance genes, as this would pose a great hazard to food safety.
Subject: ANIMALS
AmpC
Antimicrobial resistance
CEPHALOSPORINS
DYNAMICS
ENTEROBACTERIACEAE
ESBL
Escherichia coli
FOOD
HIGH PREVALENCE
MLST
Meat
POULTRY MEAT
Plasmid
Poultry
RETAIL CHICKEN MEAT
SPECTRUM-BETA-LACTAMASE
TRANSMISSION
Whole genome sequencing
416 Food Science
11832 Microbiology and virology
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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