Sleep problems increase the risk of musculoskeletal pain in boys but not girls : a prospective cohort study

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Andreucci , A , Campbell , P , Mundy , L K , Sawyer , S M , Kosola , S , Patton , G C & Dunn , K M 2020 , ' Sleep problems increase the risk of musculoskeletal pain in boys but not girls : a prospective cohort study ' , European journal of pediatrics , vol. 179 , no. 11 , pp. 1711-1719 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03667-8

Title: Sleep problems increase the risk of musculoskeletal pain in boys but not girls : a prospective cohort study
Author: Andreucci, Alessandro; Campbell, Paul; Mundy, Lisa K.; Sawyer, Susan M.; Kosola, Silja; Patton, George C.; Dunn, Kate M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Staff Services
Date: 2020-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: European journal of pediatrics
ISSN: 0340-6199
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320778
Abstract: Adults with sleep problems are at higher risk for onset of musculoskeletal pain, but the evidence is less clear for children. This prospective cohort study investigated whether children with sleep problems are at higher risk for onset of musculoskeletal pain and explored whether sex is a modifier of this association. In a prospective cohort study of Australian schoolchildren (n = 1239, mean age 9 years), the associations between sleep problems at baseline and new onset of both musculoskeletal pain and persistent musculoskeletal pain (pain lasting > 3 months) 1 year later were investigated using logistic regression. The potential modifying effect of sex was also assessed. One-year incidence proportion for musculoskeletal pain onset is 43% and 7% for persistent musculoskeletal pain. Sleep problems were associated with musculoskeletal pain onset and persistent musculoskeletal pain onset in boys, odds ratio 2.80 (95% CI 1.39, 5.62) and OR 3.70 (1.30, 10.54), respectively, but not girls OR 0.58 (0.28, 1.19) and OR 1.43 (0.41, 4.95), respectively. Conclusions: Rates of musculoskeletal pain are high in children. Boys with sleep problems are at greater risk of onset of musculoskeletal pain, but girls do not appear to have higher risk. Consideration of sleep health may help prevent persistent musculoskeletal pain in children.What is Known:center dot Sleep problems are associated with the onset of musculoskeletal pain in adults.center dot It is not clear if the association between sleep problems and the onset of musculoskeletal pain is present also in children and if sex plays a role in this association.What is New:center dot This is the first large population-based study that has prospectively investigated the relationship between sleep problems and onset of musculoskeletal pain in school-aged children.center dot Children, especially boys with sleep problems, were at increased risk for the development of persistent musculoskeletal pain.
Subject: Sleep problems
Musculoskeletal pain
Risk factor
Children
CATS study
LOW-BACK-PAIN
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
PATTERNS
CHILDREN
LIFE
RECOMMENDATIONS
ADOLESCENTS
PREVALENCE
QUALITY
DISEASE
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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