The Association between Dyslipidemia, Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators among Non-Diabetic Attendees of Primary Health Care Centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

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Enani , S , Bahijri , S , Malibary , M , Jambi , H , Eldakhakhny , B , Al-Ahmadi , J , Al Raddadi , R , Ajabnoor , G , Boraie , A & Tuomilehto , J 2020 , ' The Association between Dyslipidemia, Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators among Non-Diabetic Attendees of Primary Health Care Centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ' , Nutrients , vol. 12 , no. 8 , 2441 . https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082441

Title: The Association between Dyslipidemia, Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators among Non-Diabetic Attendees of Primary Health Care Centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Author: Enani, Sumia; Bahijri, Suhad; Malibary, Manal; Jambi, Hanan; Eldakhakhny, Basmah; Al-Ahmadi, Jawaher; Al Raddadi, Rajaa; Ajabnoor, Ghada; Boraie, Anwar; Tuomilehto, Jaakko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2020-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Nutrients
ISSN: 2072-6643
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321028
Abstract: Diet and other lifestyle habits have been reported to contribute to the development of dyslipidemia in various populations. Therefore, this study investigated the association between dyslipidemia and dietary and other lifestyle practices among Saudi adults. Data were collected from adults (>= 20 years) not previously diagnosed with diabetes in a cross-sectional design. Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical characteristics, as well as lifestyle and dietary habits were recorded using a predesigned questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were drawn to estimate the serum lipid profile. Out of 1385 people, 858 (62%) (491 men, 367 women) had dyslipidemia. After regression analysis to adjust for age, body mass index, and waist circumference, an intake of >= 5 cups/week of Turkish coffee, or carbonated drinks was associated with increased risk of dyslipidemia in men (OR (95% CI), 2.74 (1.53, 4.89)p= 0.001, and 1.53 (1.04, 2.26)p= 0.03 respectively), while the same intake of American coffee had a protective effect (0.53 (0.30, 0.92)p= 0.025). Sleep duration
Subject: dyslipidemia
serum cholesterol
serum triglycerides
serum low density lipoprotein
serum high density lipoprotein
dietary intake
lifestyle
DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
DIABETES RISK
SERUM-LIPIDS
COFFEE CONSUMPTION
GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SLEEP DURATION
METAANALYSIS
PREVALENCE
3143 Nutrition
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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