Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality : methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study

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James , S L , Castle , C D , Dingels , Z , Fox , J T , Hamilton , E B , Liu , Z , Roberts , N L S , Sylte , D O , Bertolacci , G J , Cunningham , M , Henry , N J , LeGrand , K E , Abdelalim , A , Abdollahpour , I , Abdulkader , R S , Abedi , A , Abegaz , K H , Abosetugn , A E , Abushouk , A , Adebayo , O M , Adsuar , J C , Advani , S M , Agudelo-Botero , M , Ahmad , T , Ahmed , M B , Ahmed , R , Aichour , M T E , Alahdab , F , Alanezi , F M , Alema , N M , Alemu , B W , Alghnam , S A , Ali , B A , Ali , S , Alinia , C , Alipour , V , Aljunid , S M , Almasi-Hashiani , A , Almasri , N A , Altirkawi , K , Amer , Y S A , Andrei , C L , Ansari-Moghaddam , A , Antonio , C A T , Anvari , D , Appiah , S C Y , Arabloo , J , Arab-Zozani , M , Arefi , Z , Aremu , O , Ariani , F , Arora , A , Asaad , M , Ayala Quintanilla , B P , Ayano , G , Ayanore , M A , Azarian , G , Badawi , A , Badiye , A D , Baig , A A , Bairwa , M , Bakhtiari , A , Balachandran , A , Banach , M , Banerjee , S K , Banik , P 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, Bicer , B K , Kugbey , N , Kumar , N , Kumar , M , Kumar , V , Kumar , N , Kumaresh , G , Lami , F H , Lansingh , V C , Lasrado , S , Latifi , A , Lauriola , P , La Vecchia , C , Leasher , J L , Lee , S W H , Li , S , Liu , X , Lopez , A D , Lotufo , P A , Lyons , R A , Machado , D B , Madadin , M , Abd El Razek , M M , Mahotra , N B , Majdan , M , Majeed , A , Maled , V , Malta , D C , Manafi , N , Manafi , A , Manda , A-L , Manjunatha , N , Mansour-Ghanaei , F , Mansournia , M A , Maravilla , J C , Mason-Jones , A J , Masoumi , S Z , Massenburg , B B , Maulik , P K , Mehndiratta , M M , Melketsedik , Z A , Memiah , P T N , Mendoza , W , Menezes , R G , Mengesha , M M , Meretoja , T J , Meretoja , A , Merie , H E , Mestrovic , T , Miazgowski , B , Miazgowski , T , Miller , T R , Mini , G K , Mirica , A , Mirrakhimov , E M , Mirzaei-Alavijeh , M , Mithra , P , Moazen , B , Moghadaszadeh , M , Mohamadi , E , Mohammad , Y , Darwesh , A M , Mohammadian-Hafshejani , A , Mohammadpourhodki , R , Mohammed , S , Mohammed , J A , Mohebi , F , Bandpei , M A M , Molokhia , M , Monasta , L , Moodley , Y , Moradi , M , Moradi , G , Moradi-Lakeh , M , Moradzadeh , R , Morawska , L , Moreno Velasquez , I , Morrison , S D , Mossie , T B , Muluneh , A G , Musa , K I , Mustafa , G , Naderi , M , Nagarajan , A J , Naik , G , Naimzada , M D , Najafi , F , Nangia , V , Nascimento , B R , Naserbakht , M , Nayak , V , Nazari , J , Ndwandwe , D E , Negoi , I , Ngunjiri , J W , Trang Huyen Nguyen , Cuong Tat Nguyen , Diep Ngoc Nguyen , Huong Lan Thi Nguyen , Nikbakhsh , R , Ningrum , D N A , Nnaji , C A , Ofori-Asenso , R , Ogbo , F A , Oghenetega , O B , Oh , I-H , Olagunju , A T , Olagunju , T O , Bali , A O , Onwujekwe , O E , Orpana , H M , Ota , E , Otstavnov , N , Otstavnov , S S , Mahesh , P A , Padubidri , J R , Pakhale , S , Pakshir , K , Panda-Jonas , S , Park , E-K , Patel , S K , Pathak , A , Pati , S , Paulos , K , Peden , A E , Pepito , V C F , Pereira , J , Phillips , M R , Polibin , R , Polinder , S , Pourmalek , F , Pourshams , A , Poustchi , H , Prakash , S , Pribadi , D R A , Puri , P , Syed , Z Q , Rabiee , N , Rabiee , M , Radfar , A , Rafay , A , Rafiee , A , Rafiei , A , Rahim , F , Rahimi , S , Rahman , M A , Rajabpour-Sanati , A , Rajati , F , Rakovac , I , Rao , S J , Rashedi , V , Rastogi , P , Rathi , P , Rawaf , S , Rawal , L , Rawassizadeh , R , Renjith , V , Resnikoff , S , Rezapour , A , Ribeiro , A I , Rickard , J , Rios Gonzalez , C M , Roever , L , Ronfani , L , Roshandel , G , Saddik , B , Safarpour , H , Safdarian , M , Sajadi , S M , Salamati , P , Salem , M R R , Salem , H , Salz , I , Samy , A M , Sanabria , J , Riera , L S , Milicevic , M M S , Sarker , A R , Sarveazad , A , Sathian , B , Sawhney , M , Sayyah , M , Schwebel , D C , Seedat , S , Senthilkumaran , S , Seyedmousavi , S , Sha , F , Shaahmadi , F , Shahabi , S , Shaikh , M A , Shams-Beyranvand , M , Sheikh , A , Shigematsu , M , Shin , J I , Shiri , R , Siabani , S , Sigfusdottir , I D , Singh , J A , Singh , P K , Sinha , D N , Soheili , A , Soriano , J B , Sorrie , M B , Soyiri , I N , Stokes , M A , Sufiyan , M B , Sykes , B L , Tabares-Seisdedos , R , Tabb , K M , Taddele , B W , Tefera , Y M , Tehrani-Banihashemi , A , Tekulu , G H , Tesema , A K T , Tesfay , B E , Thapar , R , Titova , M V , Tlaye , K G , Tohidinik , H R , Topor-Madry , R , Khanh Bao Tran , Bach Xuan Tran , Tripathy , J P , Tsai , A C , Tsatsakis , A , Car , L T , Ullah , I , Ullah , S , Unnikrishnan , B , Upadhyay , E , Uthman , O A , Valdez , P R , Vasankari , T J , Veisani , Y , Venketasubramanian , N , Violante , F S , Vlassov , V , Waheed , Y , Wang , Y-P , Wiangkham , T , Wolde , H F , Woldeyes , D H , Wondmeneh , T G , Wondmieneh , A B , Wu , A-M , Wyper , G M A , Yadav , R , Yadollahpour , A , Yano , Y , Yaya , S , Yazdi-Feyzabadi , V , Ye , P , Yip , P , Yisma , E , Yonemoto , N , Yoon , S-J , Youm , Y , Younis , M Z , Yousefi , Z , Yu , C , Yu , Y , Moghadam , T Z , Zaidi , Z , Bin Zaman , S , Zamani , M , Zandian , H , Zarei , F , Zhang , Z-J , Zhang , Y , Ziapour , A , Zodpey , S , Dandona , R , Dharmaratne , S D , Hay , S , Mokdad , A H , Pigott , D M , Reiner , R C & Vos , T 2020 , ' Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality : methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study ' , Injury Prevention , vol. 26 , no. SUPP_1 , pp. 125-153 . https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043531

Title: Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality : methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study
Author: James, Spencer L.; Castle, Chris D.; Dingels, Zachary; Fox, Jack T.; Hamilton, Erin B.; Liu, Zichen; Roberts, Nicholas L. S.; Sylte, Dillon O.; Bertolacci, Gregory J.; Cunningham, Matthew; Henry, Nathaniel J.; LeGrand, Kate E.; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Abedi, Aidin; Abegaz, Kedir Hussein; Abosetugn, Akine Eshete; Abushouk, Abdelrahman; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adsuar, Jose C.; Advani, Shailesh M.; Agudelo-Botero, Marcela; Ahmad, Tauseef; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Ahmed, Rushdia; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Alahdab, Fares; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alema, Niguse Meles; Alemu, Biresaw Wassihun; Alghnam, Suliman A.; Ali, Beriwan Abdulqadir; Ali, Saqib; Alinia, Cyrus; Alipour, Vahid; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Almasi-Hashiani, Amir; Almasri, Nihad A.; Altirkawi, Khalid; Amer, Yasser Sami Abdeldayem; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Ansari-Moghaddam, Alireza; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anvari, Davood; Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw; Arabloo, Jalal; Arab-Zozani, Morteza; Arefi, Zohreh; Aremu, Olatunde; Ariani, Filippo; Arora, Amit; Asaad, Malke; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayano, Getinet; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Azarian, Ghasem; Badawi, Alaa; Badiye, Ashish D.; Baig, Atif Amin; Bairwa, Mohan; Bakhtiari, Ahad; Balachandran, Arun; Banach, Maciej; Banerjee, Srikanta K.; Banik, Palash Chandra; Banstola, Amrit; Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Baernighausen, Till Winfried; Barzegar, Akbar; Bayati, Mohsen; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Bedi, Neeraj; Behzadifar, Masoud; Belete, Habte; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhe, Kidanemaryam; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhat, Anusha Ganapati; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bibi, Sadia; Bijani, Ali; Boloor, Archith; Borges, Guilherme; Borschmann, Rohan; Borzi, Antonio Maria; Boufous, Soufiane; Braithwaite, Dejana; Briko, Nikolay Ivanovich; Brugha, Traolach; Budhathoki, Shyam S.; Car, Josip; Cardenas, Rosario; Carvalho, Felix; Castaldelli-Maia, Joao Mauricio; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Castelpietra, Giulio; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Cerin, Ester; Chandan, Joht S.; Chapman, Jens Robert; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chattu, Soosanna Kumary; Chatziralli, Irini; Chaudhary, Neha; Cho, Daniel Youngwhan; Choi, Jee-Young J.; Chowdhury, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir; Christopher, Devasahayam J.; Dinh-Toi Chu,; Cicuttini, Flavia M.; Coelho, Joao M.; Costa, Vera M.; Dahlawi, Saad M. A.; Daryani, Ahmad; Alberto Davila-Cervantes, Claudio; De Leo, Diego; Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen; Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam; Demsie, Desalegn Getnet; Deribe, Kebede; Desai, Rupak; Nasab, Mostafa Dianati; da Silva, Diana Dias; Forooshani, Zahra Sadat Dibaji; Hoa Thi Do,; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Driscoll, Tim Robert; Dubljanin, Eleonora; Adema, Bereket Duko; Eagan, Arielle Wilder; Elemineh, Demelash Abewa; El-Jaafary, Shaimaa; El-Khatib, Ziad; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Eyawo, Oghenowede; Faris, Pawan Sirwan; Faro, Andre; Farzadfar, Farshad; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Eduarda; Ferrara, Pietro; Fischer, Florian; Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin; Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich; Foroutan, Masoud; Francis, Joel Msafiri; Franklin, Richard Charles; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Geberemariyam, Biniyam Sahiledengle; Gebremariam, Hadush; Gebremedhin, Ketema Bizuwork; Gebremeskel, Leake G.; Gebremeskel, Gebreamlak Gebremedhn; Gebremichael, Berhe; Gedefaw, Getnet Azeze; Geta, Birhanu; Getenet, Agegnehu Bante; Ghafourifard, Mansour; Ghamari, Farhad; Gheshlagh, Reza Ghanei; Gholamian, Asadollah; Gilani, Syed Amir; Gill, Tiffany K.; Goudarzian, Amir Hossein; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Grada, Ayman; Grivna, Michal; Guimaraes, Rafael Alves; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Gaurav; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Hall, Brian James; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hamidi, Samer; Handiso, Demelash Woldeyohannes; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasanzadeh, Amir; Hassan, Shoaib; Hassanipour, Soheil; Hassankhani, Hadi; Hassen, Hamid Yimam; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hendrie, Delia; Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Hijar, Martha; Ho, Hung Chak; Chi Linh Hoang,; Hole, Michael K.; Holla, Ramesh; Hossain, Naznin; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Sorin; Hu, Guoqing; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Islam, M. Mofizul; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Ivers, Rebecca Q.; Jahani, Mohammad Ali; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jalilian, Farzad; Jayaraman, Sudha; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jha, Ravi Prakash; John-Akinola, Yetunde O.; Jonas, Jost B.; Jones, Kelly M.; Joseph, Nitin; Joukar, Farahnaz; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Jungari, Suresh Banayya; Jurisson, Mikk; Kabir, Ali; Kahsay, Amaha; Kalankesh, Leila R.; Kalhor, Rohollah; Kamil, Teshome Abegaz; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kapoor, Neeti; Karami, Manoochehr; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassaye, Hagazi Gebremedhin; Kavetskyy, Taras; Kayode, Gbenga A.; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kelbore, Abraham Getachew; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif; Khalid, Nauman; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Khalilov, Rovshan; Khan, Maseer; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Junaid; Khanna, Tripti; Khazaei, Salman; Khazaie, Habibolah; Khundkar, Roba; Kiirithio, Daniel N.; Kim, Young-Eun; Kim, Yun Jin; Kim, Daniel; Kisa, Sezer; Kisa, Adnan; Komaki, Hamidreza; Kondlahalli, Shivakumar K. M.; Koolivand, Ali; Korshunov, Vladimir Andreevich; Koyanagi, Ai; Kraemer, Moritz U. G.; Krishan, Kewal; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kugbey, Nuworza; Kumar, Nithin; Kumar, Manasi; Kumar, Vivek; Kumar, Narinder; Kumaresh, Girikumar; Lami, Faris Hasan; Lansingh, Van C.; Lasrado, Savita; Latifi, Arman; Lauriola, Paolo; La Vecchia, Carlo; Leasher, Janet L.; Lee, Shaun Wen Huey; Li, Shanshan; Liu, Xuefeng; Lopez, Alan D.; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lyons, Ronan A.; Machado, Daiane Borges; Madadin, Mohammed; Abd El Razek, Muhammed Magdy; Mahotra, Narayan Bahadur; Majdan, Marek; Majeed, Azeem; Maled, Venkatesh; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Manafi, Navid; Manafi, Amir; Manda, Ana-Laura; Manjunatha, Narayana; Mansour-Ghanaei, Fariborz; Mansournia, Mohammad Ali; Maravilla, Joemer C.; Mason-Jones, Amanda J.; Masoumi, Seyedeh Zahra; Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard; Maulik, Pallab K.; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Melketsedik, Zeleke Aschalew; Memiah, Peter T. N.; Mendoza, Walter; Menezes, Ritesh G.; Mengesha, Melkamu Merid; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Meretoja, Atte; Merie, Hayimro Edemealem; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Miazgowski, Tomasz; Miller, Ted R.; Mini, G. K.; Mirica, Andreea; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Mehdi; Mithra, Prasanna; Moazen, Babak; Moghadaszadeh, Masoud; Mohamadi, Efat; Mohammad, Yousef; Darwesh, Aso Mohammad; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Abdollah; Mohammadpourhodki, Reza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mohammed, Jemal Abdu; Mohebi, Farnam; Bandpei, Mohammad A. Mohseni; Molokhia, Mariam; Monasta, Lorenzo; Moodley, Yoshan; Moradi, Masoud; Moradi, Ghobad; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Moradzadeh, Rahmatollah; Morawska, Lidia; Moreno Velasquez, Ilais; Morrison, Shane Douglas; Mossie, Tilahun Belete; Muluneh, Atalay Goshu; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Mustafa, Ghulam; Naderi, Mehdi; Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman; Naik, Gurudatta; Naimzada, Mukhammad David; Najafi, Farid; Nangia, Vinay; Nascimento, Bruno Ramos; Naserbakht, Morteza; Nayak, Vinod; Nazari, Javad; Ndwandwe, Duduzile Edith; Negoi, Ionut; Ngunjiri, Josephine W.; Trang Huyen Nguyen,; Cuong Tat Nguyen,; Diep Ngoc Nguyen,; Huong Lan Thi Nguyen,; Nikbakhsh, Rajan; Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.; Ofori-Asenso, Richard; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oghenetega, Onome Bright; Oh, In-Hwan; Olagunju, Andrew T.; Olagunju, Tinuke O.; Bali, Ahmed Omar; Onwujekwe, Obinna E.; Orpana, Heather M.; Ota, Erika; Otstavnov, Nikita; Otstavnov, Stanislav S.; Mahesh, P. A.; Padubidri, Jagadish Rao; Pakhale, Smita; Pakshir, Keyvan; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra; Park, Eun-Kee; Patel, Sangram Kishor; Pathak, Ashish; Pati, Sanghamitra; Paulos, Kebreab; Peden, Amy E.; Pepito, Veincent Christian Filipino; Pereira, Jeevan; Phillips, Michael R.; Polibin, Roman; Polinder, Suzanne; Pourmalek, Farshad; Pourshams, Akram; Poustchi, Hossein; Prakash, Swayam; Pribadi, Dimas Ria Angga; Puri, Parul; Syed, Zahiruddin Quazi; Rabiee, Navid; Rabiee, Mohammad; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rafiee, Ata; Rafiei, Alireza; Rahim, Fakher; Rahimi, Siavash; Rahman, Muhammad Aziz; Rajabpour-Sanati, Ali; Rajati, Fatemeh; Rakovac, Ivo; Rao, Sowmya J.; Rashedi, Vahid; Rastogi, Prateek; Rathi, Priya; Rawaf, Salman; Rawal, Lal; Rawassizadeh, Reza; Renjith, Vishnu; Resnikoff, Serge; Rezapour, Aziz; Ribeiro, Ana Isabel; Rickard, Jennifer; Rios Gonzalez, Carlos Miguel; Roever, Leonardo; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Saddik, Basema; Safarpour, Hamid; Safdarian, Mahdi; Sajadi, S. Mohammad; Salamati, Payman; Salem, Marwa R. Rashad; Salem, Hosni; Salz, Inbal; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sanabria, Juan; Riera, Lidia Sanchez; Milicevic, Milena M. Santric; Sarker, Abdur Razzaque; Sarveazad, Arash; Sathian, Brijesh; Sawhney, Monika; Sayyah, Mehdi; Schwebel, David C.; Seedat, Soraya; Senthilkumaran, Subramanian; Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba; Sha, Feng; Shaahmadi, Faramarz; Shahabi, Saeed; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran; Sheikh, Aziz; Shigematsu, Mika; Shin, Jae Il; Shiri, Rahman; Siabani, Soraya; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Sinha, Dhirendra Narain; Soheili, Amin; Soriano, Joan B.; Sorrie, Muluken Bekele; Soyiri, Ireneous N.; Stokes, Mark A.; Sufiyan, Mu'awiyyah Babale; Sykes, Bryan L.; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Tabb, Karen M.; Taddele, Biruk Wogayehu; Tefera, Yonatal Mesfin; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Tekulu, Gebretsadkan Hintsa; Tesema, Ayenew Kassie Tesema; Tesfay, Berhe Etsay; Thapar, Rekha; Titova, Mariya Vladimirovna; Tlaye, Kenean Getaneh; Tohidinik, Hamid Reza; Topor-Madry, Roman; Khanh Bao Tran,; Bach Xuan Tran,; Tripathy, Jaya Prasad; Tsai, Alexander C.; Tsatsakis, Aristidis; Car, Lorainne Tudor; Ullah, Irfan; Ullah, Saif; Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran; Upadhyay, Era; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Valdez, Pascual R.; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Veisani, Yousef; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasily; Waheed, Yasir; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Wiangkham, Taweewat; Wolde, Haileab Fekadu; Woldeyes, Dawit Habte; Wondmeneh, Temesgen Gebeyehu; Wondmieneh, Adam Belay; Wu, Ai-Min; Wyper, Grant M. A.; Yadav, Rajaram; Yadollahpour, Ali; Yano, Yuichiro; Yaya, Sanni; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Vahid; Ye, Pengpeng; Yip, Paul; Yisma, Engida; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Youm, Yoosik; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yousefi, Zabihollah; Yu, Chuanhua; Yu, Yong; Moghadam, Telma Zahirian; Zaidi, Zoubida; Bin Zaman, Sojib; Zamani, Mohammad; Zandian, Hamed; Zarei, Fatemeh; Zhang, Zhi-Jiang; Zhang, Yunquan; Ziapour, Arash; Zodpey, Sanjay; Dandona, Rakhi; Dharmaratne, Samath Dhamminda; Hay, Simon; Mokdad, Ali H.; Pigott, David M.; Reiner, Robert C.; Vos, Theo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Injury Prevention
ISSN: 1353-8047
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321043
Abstract: Background While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates with sufficient demographic, geographical and temporal detail to be useful for policy makers. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 study used methods to provide highly detailed estimates of global injury burden that meet these criteria. Methods In this study, we report and discuss the methods used in GBD 2017 for injury morbidity and mortality burden estimation. In summary, these methods included estimating cause-specific mortality for every cause of injury, and then estimating incidence for every cause of injury. Non-fatal disability for each cause is then calculated based on the probabilities of suffering from different types of bodily injury experienced. Results GBD 2017 produced morbidity and mortality estimates for 38 causes of injury. Estimates were produced in terms of incidence, prevalence, years lived with disability, cause-specific mortality, years of life lost and disability-adjusted life-years for a 28-year period for 22 age groups, 195 countries and both sexes. Conclusions GBD 2017 demonstrated a complex and sophisticated series of analytical steps using the largest known database of morbidity and mortality data on injuries. GBD 2017 results should be used to help inform injury prevention policy making and resource allocation. We also identify important avenues for improving injury burden estimation in the future.
Subject: populations
contexts
methodology
descriptive epidemiology
statistical issues
SEX-SPECIFIC MORTALITY
SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
195 COUNTRIES
LIFE EXPECTANCY
TERRITORIES
DISABILITY
AGE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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