Association of screen time with long-term stress and temperament in preschoolers : results from the DAGIS study

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dc.contributor.author Leppänen, Marja H.
dc.contributor.author Sääksjärvi, Katri
dc.contributor.author Vepsäläinen, Henna
dc.contributor.author Ray, Carola
dc.contributor.author Hiltunen, Pauliina
dc.contributor.author Koivusilta, Leena
dc.contributor.author Erkkola, Maijaliisa
dc.contributor.author Sajaniemi, Nina
dc.contributor.author Roos, Eva
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-03T14:33:02Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-03T14:33:02Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11
dc.identifier.citation Leppänen , M H , Sääksjärvi , K , Vepsäläinen , H , Ray , C , Hiltunen , P , Koivusilta , L , Erkkola , M , Sajaniemi , N & Roos , E 2020 , ' Association of screen time with long-term stress and temperament in preschoolers : results from the DAGIS study ' , European journal of pediatrics , vol. 179 , no. 11 , pp. 1805-1812 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03686-5
dc.identifier.other PURE: 138935402
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 29dff19c-9430-4bce-923d-09ba3be6b7ac
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000535870000001
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5959-7572/work/83052239
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0177-3609/work/83052568
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6966-1523/work/83054563
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321072
dc.description.abstract Screen time is increasing rapidly in young children. The aim of this study was to examine associations of long-term stress and temperament with screen time in Finnish preschool children and the moderating role of socioeconomic status. Cross-sectional DAGIS data were utilized. Long-term stress was assessed using hair cortisol concentration, indicating values of the past 2 months. Temperament was reported by the parents using the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (the Very Short Form), and three broad temperament dimensions were constructed: surgency, negative affectivity, and effortful control. Screen time was reported by the parents over 7 days. The highest education level in the household was used as an indicator of socioeconomic status. In total, 779 children (mean age, 4.7 +/- 0.9 years, 52% boys) were included in the study. Of the temperament dimensions, a higher effortful control was associated with less screen time (B = - 6.70, p = 0.002). There was no evidence for an association between hair cortisol concentration and screen time nor a moderating role of socioeconomic status in the associations (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that preschool children with a higher score in effortful control had less screen time. Because effortful control reflects general self-regulatory abilities, promoting these skills may be effective in reducing screen time in young children.What is Known: center dot Screen time has increased rapidly during the last decades, and higher screen time has been linked with numerous adverse health consequences in children. center dot There are no previous studies investigating associations of long-term stress and temperament with screen time in young children.What is New: center dot Of the temperament dimensions, effortful control was associated with higher screen time in preschool children, but there was no association found between long-term stress and screen time. center dot Since effortful control reflects general self-regulatory abilities, promoting these skills may be effective in reducing screen time in young children. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof European journal of pediatrics
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Hair cortisol concentration
dc.subject Pediatrics
dc.subject Television
dc.subject Temperament
dc.subject HAIR CORTISOL
dc.subject SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR
dc.subject PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
dc.subject CHILDREN
dc.subject DETERMINANTS
dc.subject HEALTH
dc.subject STATE
dc.subject 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
dc.title Association of screen time with long-term stress and temperament in preschoolers : results from the DAGIS study en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Clinicum
dc.contributor.organization Department of Food and Nutrition
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Medicine
dc.contributor.organization University of Helsinki
dc.contributor.organization Department of Education
dc.contributor.organization Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Nutrition Science
dc.contributor.organization Doctoral Programme in School, Education, Society, and Culture
dc.contributor.organization Teacher Education
dc.contributor.organization Eva Roos / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Department of Public Health
dc.contributor.organization Family nutrition and wellbeing
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03686-5
dc.relation.issn 0340-6199
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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