Children's physical activity and the preschool physical environment : The moderating role of gender

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Määttä , S , Gubbels , J , Ray , C , Koivusilta , L , Nislin , M , Sajaniemi , N , Erkkola , M & Roos , E 2019 , ' Children's physical activity and the preschool physical environment : The moderating role of gender ' , Early Childhood Research Quarterly , vol. 47 , pp. 39-48 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.10.008

Title: Children's physical activity and the preschool physical environment : The moderating role of gender
Author: Määttä, Suvi; Gubbels, Jessica; Ray, Carola; Koivusilta, Leena; Nislin, Mari; Sajaniemi, Nina; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Roos, Eva
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Folkhälsan Research Center
University of Helsinki, The Education University of Hong Kong
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
University of Helsinki, Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2019
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
ISSN: 0885-2006
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321112
Abstract: The physical environment in preschool, covering all indoor and outdoor equipment, and the surfaces of the preschool yard, may have a large potential for increasing children's physical activity (PA). However, it is less clear which specific physical environmental factors are associated with children's PA. Cross-sectional associations between the individual observed items (e.g. fixed and portable equipment, surfaces, terrain in the grounds) as well as composite scores for the PA equipment on the one hand, and children's PA, measured by accelerometers, on the other, were investigated in a sample of 3-6 year old children (N = 778) attending preschool in Finland. Having balance equipment and trampolines in group facilities, having balance equipment, gym mats and sticks in the gym and having skipping ropes, sand and mostly hilly terrain on the outdoor playground were associated with children's higher PA, regardless of gender. On the contrary, having gravel as the terrain in the playground and having a seesaw outdoors were associated with lower PA levels, regardless of gender. Four significant interactions with gender were found, but none of the environmental predictors remained significant in the post-hoc gender-stratified analyses. Variety in PA equipment and playground terrain may be beneficial for increasing children's PA in preschools. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Preschool
Children
Physical activity
Equipment
SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR
MOTOR-SKILLS
CARE
GUIDELINES
PLAY
DETERMINANTS
PERSPECTIVE
HEALTH
AGE
515 Psychology
3141 Health care science
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