The Analysis of Field Strains Isolated From Food, Animal and Clinical Sources Uncovers Natural Mutations in Listeria monocytogenes Nisin Resistance Genes

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Wambui , J , Eshwar , A K , Aalto-Araneda , M , Pöntinen , A , Stevens , M J A , Njage , P M K & Tasara , T 2020 , ' The Analysis of Field Strains Isolated From Food, Animal and Clinical Sources Uncovers Natural Mutations in Listeria monocytogenes Nisin Resistance Genes ' , Frontiers in Microbiology , vol. 11 , 549531 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.549531

Title: The Analysis of Field Strains Isolated From Food, Animal and Clinical Sources Uncovers Natural Mutations in Listeria monocytogenes Nisin Resistance Genes
Author: Wambui, Joseph; Eshwar, Athmanya K.; Aalto-Araneda, Mariella; Pöntinen, Anna; Stevens, Marc J. A.; Njage, Patrick M. K.; Tasara, Taurai
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
Date: 2020-10-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 23
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Microbiology
ISSN: 1664-302X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321129
Abstract: Nisin is a commonly used bacteriocin for controlling spoilage and pathogenic bacteria in food products. Strains possessing high natural nisin resistance that reduce or increase the potency of this bacteriocin against Listeria monocytogenes have been described. Our study sought to gather more insights into nisin resistance mechanisms in natural L. monocytogenes populations by examining a collection of 356 field strains that were isolated from different foods, food production environments, animals and human infections. A growth curve analysis-based approach was used to access nisin inhibition levels and assign the L. monocytogenes strains into three nisin response phenotypic categories; resistant (66%), intermediate (26%), and sensitive (8%). Using this categorization isolation source, serotype, genetic lineage, clonal complex (CC) and strain-dependent natural variation in nisin phenotypic resistance among L. monocytogenes field strains was revealed. Whole genome sequence analysis and comparison of high nisin resistant and sensitive strains led to the identification of new naturally occurring mutations in nisin response genes associated with increased nisin resistance and sensitivity in this bacterium. Increased nisin resistance was detected in strains harboring RsbUG77S and PBPB3V240F amino acid substitution mutations, which also showed increased detergent stress resistance as well as increased virulence in a zebra fish infection model. On the other hand, increased natural nisin sensitivity was detected among strains with mutations in sigB, vir, and dlt operons that also showed increased lysozyme sensitivity and lower virulence. Overall, our study identified naturally selected mutations involving pbpB3 (lm0441) as well as sigB, vir, and dlt operon genes that are associated with intrinsic nisin resistance in L. monocytogenes field strains recovered from various food and human associated sources. Finally, we show that combining growth parameter-based phenotypic analysis and genome sequencing is an effective approach that can be useful for the identification of novel nisin response associated genetic variants among L. monocytogenes field strains.
Subject: 11832 Microbiology and virology
Listeria monocytogenes
bacteriocin
nisin
resistance
mutation
genes
PENICILLIN-BINDING PROTEIN
SIGNAL-TRANSDUCTION SYSTEM
ALANYL-LIPOTEICHOIC ACID
PRECURSOR LIPID II
CELL-WALL
STRESS-RESPONSE
TRANSCRIPTOME ANALYSIS
MISSENSE MUTATIONS
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