Infant event-related potentials to speech are associated with prelinguistic development

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321459

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Kailaheimo-Lönnqvist , L , Virtala , P , Fandakova , Y , Partanen , E , Leppänen , P H T , Thiede , A & Kujala , T 2020 , ' Infant event-related potentials to speech are associated with prelinguistic development ' , Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience , vol. 45 , 100831 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100831

Title: Infant event-related potentials to speech are associated with prelinguistic development
Author: Kailaheimo-Lönnqvist, Linda; Virtala, Paula; Fandakova, Yana; Partanen, Eino; Leppänen, Paavo H. T.; Thiede, Anja; Kujala, Teija
Contributor: University of Helsinki, DyslexiaBaby
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Language Acquisition, Representation, and Processing (L.A.R.P.)
University of Helsinki, DyslexiaBaby
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
ISSN: 1878-9293
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321459
Abstract: Neural auditory processing and prelinguistic communication build the foundation for later language development, but how these two are associated is not well known. The current study investigated how neural speech processing is associated with the level and development of prelinguistic skills in 102 infants. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) in 6-months-olds to assess the neural detection of a pseudoword (obligatory responses), as well as the neural discrimination of changes in the pseudoword (mismatch responses, MMRs). Prelinguistic skills were assessed at 6 and 12 months of age with a parental questionnaire (Infant-Toddler Checklist). The association between the ERPs and prelinguistic skills was examined using latent change score models, a method specifically constructed for longitudinal analyses and explicitly modeling intra-individual change. The results show that a large obligatory P1 at 6 months of age predicted strong improvement in prelinguistic skills between 6 and 12 months of age. The MMR to a frequency change was associated with the concurrent level of prelinguistic skills, but not with the improvement of the skills. Overall, our results highlight the strong association between ERPs and prelinguistic skills, possibly offering opportunities for early detection of atypical linguistic and communicative development.
Subject: 515 Psychology
Event-related potentials
Prelinguistic skills
Infants
Latent change score model
MISMATCH NEGATIVITY
LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT
BASIC RESEARCH
RESPONSES
CHILDREN
BRAIN
RISK
DISCRIMINATION
COMMUNICATION
DYSLEXIA
6162 Cognitive science
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