Global variation in the cost of increasing ecosystem carbon

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dc.contributor.author Larjavaara, Markku
dc.contributor.author Kanninen, Markku
dc.contributor.author Ruesta, Harold Gordillo
dc.contributor.author Koskinen, Joni
dc.contributor.author Kukkonen, Markus
dc.contributor.author Käyhkö, Niina
dc.contributor.author Larson, Anne M.
dc.contributor.author Wunder, Sven
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-17T12:39:01Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-17T12:39:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01
dc.identifier.citation Larjavaara , M , Kanninen , M , Ruesta , H G , Koskinen , J , Kukkonen , M , Käyhkö , N , Larson , A M & Wunder , S 2018 , ' Global variation in the cost of increasing ecosystem carbon ' , Nature Climate Change , vol. 8 , no. 1 , pp. 38-42 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0015-7
dc.identifier.other PURE: 95291557
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 183c704b-1f7f-4ffb-812d-8ebe9d76e9b3
dc.identifier.other Bibtex: urn:6dde806c1720dd44e5f7be60660f2ec7
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000423840000017
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85037695200
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-3484-889X/work/41847779
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-5708-9443/work/41848073
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321587
dc.description.abstract Slowing the reduction, or increasing the accumulation, of organic carbon stored in biomass and soils has been suggested as a potentially rapid and cost-effective method to reduce the rate of atmospheric carbon increase(1). The costs of mitigating climate change by increasing ecosystem carbon relative to the baseline or business-as-usual scenario has been quantified in numerous studies, but results have been contradictory, as both methodological issues and substance differences cause variability(2). Here we show, based on 77 standardized face-to-face interviews of local experts with the best possible knowledge of local land-use economics and sociopolitical context in ten landscapes around the globe, that the estimated cost of increasing ecosystem carbon varied vastly and was perceived to be 16-27 times cheaper in two Indonesian landscapes dominated by peatlands compared with the average of the eight other landscapes. Hence, if reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) and other land-use mitigation efforts are to be distributed evenly across forested countries, for example, for the sake of international equity, their overall effectiveness would be dramatically lower than for a cost-minimizing distribution. en
dc.format.extent 5
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Nature Climate Change
dc.rights unspecified
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.subject 4112 Forestry
dc.subject REDD PLUS
dc.subject DEFORESTATION
dc.subject CONSERVATION
dc.subject LAND
dc.subject EMISSIONS
dc.subject INDONESIA
dc.subject PAYMENTS
dc.subject FORESTS
dc.title Global variation in the cost of increasing ecosystem carbon en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Forest Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
dc.contributor.organization Viikki Tropical Resources Institute (VITRI)
dc.contributor.organization Forest Ecology and Management
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0015-7
dc.relation.issn 1758-678X
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.relation.funder Center for International Forestry Research
dc.relation.funder Center for International Forestry Research
dc.relation.grantnumber
dc.relation.grantnumber

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