The Association Between Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators and Dysglycemia in Saudi Adults Free of Previous Diagnosis of Diabetes

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Jambi , H , Enani , S , Malibary , M , Bahijri , S , Eldakhakhny , B , Al-Ahmadi , J , Al Raddadi , R , Ajabnoor , G , Boraie , A & Tuomilehto , J 2020 , ' The Association Between Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators and Dysglycemia in Saudi Adults Free of Previous Diagnosis of Diabetes ' , Nutrition and metabolic insights , vol. 13 , 1178638820965258 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1178638820965258

Title: The Association Between Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators and Dysglycemia in Saudi Adults Free of Previous Diagnosis of Diabetes
Author: Jambi, Hanan; Enani, Sumia; Malibary, Manal; Bahijri, Suhad; Eldakhakhny, Basmah; Al-Ahmadi, Jawaher; Al Raddadi, Rajaa; Ajabnoor, Ghada; Boraie, Anwar; Tuomilehto, Jaakko
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Nutrition and metabolic insights
ISSN: 1178-6388
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1178638820965258
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321664
Abstract: Objective: Study the association of dietary habits and other indicators of lifestyle with dysglycemia in Saudi adults. Methods: In a cross-sectional design, data were obtained from 1403 Saudi adults (> 20 years), not previously diagnosed with diabetes. Demographics, lifestyle variables and dietary habits were obtained using a predesigned questionnaire. Fasting plasma glucose, glycated hemoglobin and 1-hour oral glucose tolerance test were used to identify dysglycemia. Regression analysis was performed to determine the associations of dietary factors and other indicators of lifestyle with dysglycemia. Results: A total 1075 adults (596 men, and 479 women) had normoglycemia, and 328 (195 men, and 133 women) had dysglycemia. Following adjustment for age, BMI and waist circumference, in men the weekly intake of 5 portions or more of red meat and Turkish coffee were associated with decreased odds of having dysglycemia odds ratio (OR) 0.444 (95% CI: 0.223, 0.881;P = .02) and 0.387 (95% CI: 0.202, 0.74;P = .004), respectively. In women, the intake of fresh juice 1 to 4 portions per week and 5 portions or more were associated with OR 0.603 (95% CI: 0.369, 0.985;P = .043) and OR 0.511 (95% CI: 0.279, 0.935;P = .029) decreased odds of having dysglycemia, respectively compared with women who did not drink fresh juice. The intake of 5 times or more per week of hibiscus drink was associated with increased odds of having dysglycemia, OR 5.551 (95% CI: 1.576, 19.55,P = .008) compared with women not using such a drink. Other lifestyle factors were not associated with dysglycemia. Conclusion: Dietary practices by studied Saudis have some impact on risk of dysglycemia, with obvious sex differences.
Subject: Dysglycemia
Saudi population
lifestyle
dietary habits
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
RISK SCORE
INSULIN-RESISTANCE
FASTING GLUCOSE
TYPE-2
PREVENTION
CONSUMPTION
EXERCISE
MELLITUS
OBESITY
3143 Nutrition
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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