Improving outgroup attitudes in schools : First steps toward a teacher‐led vicarious contact intervention

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Liebkind , K , Mäkinen , V M , Jasinskaja-Lahti , I , Renvik (Mähönen) , T A & Solheim , E 2019 , ' Improving outgroup attitudes in schools : First steps toward a teacher‐led vicarious contact intervention ' , Scandinavian Journal of Psychology , vol. 60 , no. 1 , pp. 77-86 . https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12505

Title: Improving outgroup attitudes in schools : First steps toward a teacher‐led vicarious contact intervention
Author: Liebkind, Karmela; Mäkinen, Viivi M; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga; Renvik (Mähönen), Tuuli Anna; Solheim, Erling
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Helsinki, University Management
University of Helsinki, Social Psychology






Date: 2019-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
ISSN: 0036-5564
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12505
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321714
Abstract: Despite the urgent need for promoting positive intergroup relations in schools, research on intergroup relations is not systematically translated into prejudice-reduction interventions. Although prejudice-reduction interventions in schools based on indirect contact have been conducted for decades, they have all been carried out by researchers themselves. In a field experiment in Finland in autumn 2015, we tested for the first time a vicarious contact prejudice-reduction intervention for its effectiveness among adolescents (N = 639) when implemented independently by school teachers instead of researchers. In addition, we tested the extent to which the intervention’s effect depends on initial outgroup attitudes, previous direct outgroup contact experiences, and gender, hypothesizing that the intervention improves outgroup attitudes particularly among adolescents with more negative prior attitudes and less positive prior direct contact, and more among girls than among boys. We found an unanticipated overall deterioration in the outgroup attitudes during intervention in both the experimental and control groups. However, attitudes seemed to deteriorate somewhat less in the experimental than in the control group, and the intervention had a significant positive effect on outgroup attitudes in one experimental subgroup that needed it most: girls who had negative rather than positive outgroup attitudes at the outset. We discuss our results in light of previous research and contextual particularities.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
515 Psychology
Adolescence
gender
outgroup attitudes
prejudice-reduction
teacher-led intervention
vicarious contact
CROSS-GROUP FRIENDSHIPS
PREJUDICE-REDUCTION
INTERGROUP CONTACT
EXTENDED CONTACT
BEHAVIOR
NORMS
GENDER
FORMS
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