Comparison of Disfluent and Ungrammatical Speech of Preadolescents with and without ASD

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321765

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Wiklund , M & Laakso , M 2020 , ' Comparison of Disfluent and Ungrammatical Speech of Preadolescents with and without ASD ' , Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , vol. 51 , no. 8 , pp. 2773-2789 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04747-2

Titel: Comparison of Disfluent and Ungrammatical Speech of Preadolescents with and without ASD
Sekundär titel: Vertaileva tutkimus autististen ja neurotyypillisten varhaisnuorten epäsujuvasta ja epäkieliopillisesta puheesta
Författare: Wiklund, Mari; Laakso, Minna
Upphovmannens organisation: Department of Languages
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Datum: 2020-10
Språk: eng
Sidantal: 17
Tillhör serie: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
ISSN: 0162-3257
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04747-2
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321765
Abstrakt: This paper analyses disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions in the speech of 11–13-year-old Finnish-speaking boys with ASD (N = 5) and with neurotypical development (N=6). The ASD data were from authentic group therapy sessions and neurotypical data from teacher-led group discussions. The proportion of disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions was greater in the speech of participants with ASD (26.4%) than in the control group (15.5%). Furthermore, a qualitative difference was noted: The ASD group produced long, complex disfluent turns with word searches, self-repairs, false starts, fillers, prolongations, inconsistent syntactic structures and grammatical errors, whereas in the control group, the disfluencies were mainly fillers and sound prolongations. The disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions occurring in the ASD participants’ interactions also caused comprehension problems.This paper analyses disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions in the speech of 11–13-year-old Finnish-speaking boys with ASD (N = 5) and with neurotypical development (N=6). The ASD data were from authentic group therapy sessions and neurotypical data from teacher-led group discussions. The proportion of disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions was greater in the speech of participants with ASD (26.4%) than in the control group (15.5%). Furthermore, a qualitative difference was noted: The ASD group produced long, complex disfluent turns with word searches, self-repairs, false starts, fillers, prolongations, inconsistent syntactic structures and grammatical errors, whereas in the control group, the disfluencies were mainly fillers and sound prolongations. The disfluencies and ungrammatical expressions occurring in the ASD participants’ interactions also caused comprehension problems.
Subject: 6121 Languages
autism
autism spectrum disorder
disfluent speech
ungrammatical speech
comprehension problems
conversation analysis
autismi
autismikirjo
epäsujuva puhe
epäkieliopillinen puhe
ymmärrysongelmat
keskustelunanalyysi
6163 Logopedics
Referentgranskad: Ja
Licens: cc_by
Användningsbegränsning: openAccess
Parallelpublicerad version: publishedVersion


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