Separation of cobalt, neodymium and dysprosium using amorphous zirconium phosphate

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Xu , J , Koivula , R T , Zhang , W , Wiikinkoski , E W , Hietala , S & Harjula , R O 2018 , ' Separation of cobalt, neodymium and dysprosium using amorphous zirconium phosphate ' , Hydrometallurgy , vol. 175 , pp. 170-178 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2017.11.010

Title: Separation of cobalt, neodymium and dysprosium using amorphous zirconium phosphate
Author: Xu, Junhua; Koivula, Risto Tapio; Zhang, Wenzhong; Wiikinkoski, Elmo Werneri; Hietala, Sami; Harjula, Risto Olavi
Contributor organization: Department of Chemistry
Ion exchange for nuclear waste treatment and for recycling
Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry (-2016)
Polymers
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Hydrometallurgy
ISSN: 0304-386X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2017.11.010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321807
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the separation of Co, Nd and Dy from a ternary Co-Nd-Dy solution using amorphous zirconium phosphate (am-ZrP). Am-ZrP was synthesized by a precipitation method at room temperature and subsequently characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectrometry, thermogravimetry, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, solid-state 31P magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry and sodium hydroxide titration (with and without background salt). The ion exchange kinetics of am-ZrP that were determined in ternary 1 mM equimolar solutions at equilibrium pH 2.5. The effect of pH on the adsorption was studied in ternary 1 mM equimolar solutions and the uptakes of the metals increased with increasing pH until approximately pH 3.5. The adsorption isotherms of Co, Nd and Dy were tested in a series of ternary equimolar solution, the total uptake amounted to 4.13 meq/g at pH ~ 3.0. The preference of am-ZrP for these metals occurred in decreasing order Dy > Nd ≫ Co. The separation of Co, Nd and Dy from their 1 mM equimolar ternary mixture was investigated on an am-ZrP column. Effects of loading (7.8%, 62% and 100%) on the separation were compared by measuring the corresponding HNO3 elution fractions. It was found that with a lower metal loading of 7.8%, three clear elution bands were obtained. Am-ZrP exhibited selective separation properties towards the ternary Co-Nd-Dy system, which contribute to the future scale-up studies for the recycling of NdFeB magnets.
Subject: 116 Chemical sciences
Zirconium phosphate
NdFeB magnet
Ion exchange
Column separation
Rare earth separation
INORGANIC-ION EXCHANGERS
RARE-EARTH-METALS
SOLVENT-EXTRACTION
TITANIUM PHOSPHATE
SELECTIVE RECOVERY
NDFEB MAGNETS
WASTE
HYDROGEN
SORPTION
POWDER
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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