Changes in fruit, vegetable and fish consumption after statutory retirement : a prospective cohort study

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Ali-Kovero , K , Pietilainen , O , Mauramo , E , Jäppinen , S , Rahkonen , O , Lallukka , T & Kanerva , N 2020 , ' Changes in fruit, vegetable and fish consumption after statutory retirement : a prospective cohort study ' , British Journal of Nutrition , vol. 123 , no. 12 , 0007114520000136 , pp. 1390-1395 .

Title: Changes in fruit, vegetable and fish consumption after statutory retirement : a prospective cohort study
Author: Ali-Kovero, Kirsi; Pietilainen, Olli; Mauramo, Elina; Jäppinen, Sauli; Rahkonen, Ossi; Lallukka, Tea; Kanerva, Noora
Contributor organization: Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Center for Population, Health and Society
Date: 2020-06-28
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: British Journal of Nutrition
ISSN: 0007-1145
Abstract: Retirement is a major life transition affecting health and health behaviour, but evidence on how this transition contributes to changes in healthy food habits is scarce. We examined whether the consumption of fruit and vegetables as well as fish changes after transition into statutory retirement. The data were derived from the prospective Helsinki Health Study. At phase 1 in 2000-2002, all participants were 40- to 60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland (n 8960, response rate 67 %). Follow-up surveys were conducted in 2007, 2012 and 2017 (response rates 79-83 %). Using the four phases, we formed three nested cohorts in which the participants either continued working or moved to statutory retirement. The final analytical sample consisted of 6887 participants (14 357 observations). Frequency of fruit, vegetable and fish consumption was calculated from a twenty-two-item FFQ. Analyses of repeated measures of food consumption before and after retirement transition were conducted with a negative binomial mixed model, adjusting for age, marital status, limiting long-standing illness and household income. During the follow-up, altogether 3526 participants retired. Transition to retirement was associated with a decrease in vegetable consumption among women and, contrarily, with an increase in fruit consumption among men (P <0 center dot 05 for interaction between time and employment status). Fish consumption did not differ by the change in employment status. Statutory retirement can have mixed effects on healthy food habits, and these can differ between food groups and sex. Healthy food habits should be promoted among employees transitioning to retirement.
Subject: Food consumption
Public-sector employees
Register-based studies
3143 Nutrition
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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