Costs structure of the inpatient ischemic stroke treatment using an exact costing method

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Puumalainen , A , Elonheimo , O & Brommets , M 2020 , ' Costs structure of the inpatient ischemic stroke treatment using an exact costing method ' , Heliyon , vol. 6 , no. 6 , 04264 .

Title: Costs structure of the inpatient ischemic stroke treatment using an exact costing method
Author: Puumalainen, Anne; Elonheimo, Outi; Brommets, Mats
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
Date: 2020-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Heliyon
ISSN: 2405-8440
Abstract: Objectives: Most stroke care expenses are in hospital costs. Given the previously reported inaccuracy of conventional costing, the purpose of this study was to provide an accurate analysis of inpatient costs of stroke care in an acute care hospital. Materials and methods: We used activity-based costing (ABC) for calculating the costs of ischemic stroke patients. We collected the activity data at the Helsinki University Central Hospital. Persons involved in patient care logged their activities on survey forms for one week. The costs of activities were calculated based on information about salaries, material prices, and other costs obtained from hospital accounting data. We calculated costs per inpatient days and episodes, analyzed cost structure, made a distinction in cost for stroke subtypes according to the Oxford and TOAST classification schemes, and compared cost per inpatient episode with the diagnoses-related group (DRG) -price of the hospital. Results: The sample comprised 196 inpatient days of 41 patients. By using the ABC, the mean and median costs of an inpatient day were 346 (sic) and 268 (sic), and of an inpatient episode 3322 (sic) and 2573 (sic), respectively. Average costs differed considerably by stroke subtype. The first inpatient day was the most expensive. Working time costs comprised 63% of the average inpatient day cost, with nursing constituting the largest proportion. The mean cost of an inpatient episode was 21% lower with ABC than with DRG pricing. Conclusion: We demonstrate that there are differences in cost estimates depending on the methods used. ABC revealed differences among patients having the same diagnosis. The cost of an episode was lower than the DRG price of the hospital. Choosing an optimal costing method is essential for both reimbursements of hospitals and health policy decision-making.
Subject: Economics
Ischemic stroke
Inpatient episode
Cost accounting methods
Activity-based costing
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry

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