Genetic Adaptation of Coxsackievirus B1 during Persistent Infection in Pancreatic Cells

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322014

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Honkimaa, A.; Kimura, B.; Sioofy-Khojine, A.-B.; Lin, J.; Laiho, J.; Oikarinen, S.; Hyöty, H. Genetic Adaptation of Coxsackievirus B1 during Persistent Infection in Pancreatic Cells. Microorganisms 2020, 8, 1790.

Title: Genetic Adaptation of Coxsackievirus B1 during Persistent Infection in Pancreatic Cells
Author: Honkimaa, Anni; Kimura, Bryn; Sioofy-Khojine, Amir-Babak; Lin, Jake; Laiho, Jutta; Oikarinen, Sami; Hyöty, Heikki
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2020-11-15
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322014
Abstract: Coxsackie B (CVB) viruses have been associated with type 1 diabetes. We have recently observed that CVB1 was linked to the initiation of the autoimmune process leading to type 1 diabetes in Finnish children. Viral persistency in the pancreas is currently considered as one possible mechanism. In the current study persistent infection was established in pancreatic ductal and beta cell lines (PANC-1 and 1.1B4) using four different CVB1 strains, including the prototype strain and three clinical isolates. We sequenced 5′ untranslated region (UTR) and regions coding for structural and non-structural proteins and the second single open reading frame (ORF) protein of all persisting CVB1 strains using next generation sequencing to identify mutations that are common for all of these strains. One mutation, K257R in VP1, was found from all persisting CVB1 strains. The mutations were mainly accumulated in viral structural proteins, especially at BC, DE, EF loops and C-terminus of viral capsid protein 1 (VP1), the puff region of VP2, the knob region of VP3 and infection-enhancing epitope of VP4. This showed that the capsid region of the viruses sustains various changes during persistency some of which could be hallmark(s) of persistency.


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