Highly varying radiogenic heat production in Finland, Fennoscandian Shield

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Veikkolainen , T H K & Kukkonen , I T 2019 , ' Highly varying radiogenic heat production in Finland, Fennoscandian Shield ' , Tectonophysics , vol. 750 , no. 1 , pp. 93-116 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.11.006

Title: Highly varying radiogenic heat production in Finland, Fennoscandian Shield
Author: Veikkolainen, Toni Henri Kristian; Kukkonen, Ilmo Tapio
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
Date: 2019-01-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Tectonophysics
ISSN: 0040-1951
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322025
Abstract: Radiogenic heat production in Finland has been previously studied using airborne gamma-ray surveys and glacial till measurements alike. For the first time, this paper presents a detailed survey on the spatial variation in radiogenic heat production determined using outcrop samples obtained from all important lithologies of the country. The dataset of 6465 samples represents mostly Mesoarchean (about 2.7 Ga), Paleoproterozoic (ca. 2.2-1.8 Ga) and Mesoproterozoic (ca. 1.6-1.3 Ga) rocks. Nearly all data are from Precambrian Fennoscandian Shield area, but heat production appears to be highly variable, and above global Archean and Proterozoic averages. Spot readings show an arithmetic average of 1.34 +/- 1.19 mu Wm(-3), and a range from 0.02 to 19.4 mu Wm(-3). The interpolated areal average of the whole area is 1.42 +/- 1.41 mu Wm(-3). The high standard deviation of data is related to the geochemical characteristics of uranium (U), thorium (Th) and potassium (K) resulting in a skewed distribution of heat production. Mesoproterozoic anorogenic rapakivi granites, and late Paleoproterozoic Svecofennian granitoids show the highest heat production values in the range of 3-5 mu Wm(-3). The results show no distinct dependencies of heat production with geological age, metamorphic grade nor seismic P-wave velocity, but an increasing trend of heat production with SiO2 content and decreasing trends of heat production with Fe2O3 content and with rock density are evident. Surface heat flow (44 borehole data values) correlates weakly with heat production (r = 0.35). The general heterogeneity of heat production calls for supporting information from other geophysical methods for better understanding of the thermal state of the lithosphere in Finland and beyond.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
Heat production
Radiometric
Uranium
Thorium
Heat flow
Precambrian
PERMIAN GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES
SEISMIC VELOCITY
POLAR PROFILE
VERTICAL-DISTRIBUTION
GRAVITY-ANOMALIES
PRECAMBRIAN CRUST
THERMAL STRUCTURE
NORTHERN FINLAND
FLOW DATA
U-PB
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