Coastal Ecosystem Services, Social Equity, and Blue Growth : A Case Study from South-Eastern Bangladesh

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Islam , M M , Pal , S , Hossain , M M , Mozumder , M M H & Schneider , P 2020 , ' Coastal Ecosystem Services, Social Equity, and Blue Growth : A Case Study from South-Eastern Bangladesh ' , Journal of marine science and engineering , vol. 8 , no. 10 , 815 . https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8100815

Title: Coastal Ecosystem Services, Social Equity, and Blue Growth : A Case Study from South-Eastern Bangladesh
Author: Islam, Mohammad Mahmudul; Pal, Shuvo; Hossain, Mohammad Mosarof; Mozumder, Mohammad Mojibul Hoque; Schneider, Petra
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
Date: 2020-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 29
Belongs to series: Journal of marine science and engineering
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322117
Abstract: By employing empirical and secondary data (qualitative and quantitative), this study demonstrates how social equity (with its three dimensions) can meaningfully address the conservation of the coastal social-ecological system (SES), without losing diverse ecosystem services (ES) in south-east coastal Bangladesh. Based on this proposition, this study assesses the available ES and identifies the drivers responsible for ES changes, arguing for the application of social equity for resource conservation. The findings show that communities along Bangladesh's south-eastern coast use several ES for food, medicine, income, livelihoods, and cultural heritage. However, this valuable ecosystem is currently experiencing numerous threats and stressors of anthropogenic and natural origin. In particular, large-scale development activities, driven by the blue growth agenda, and neoliberalism policy, pose a risk to the local communities by degrading coastal ecosystem services. Escaping this situation for coastal natural resource-dependent communities in Bangladesh will require a transformation in the governance structure. Implementing the Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) Guidelines that call for initiating policy change to deliver social justice to small-scale fisheries would help to address coastal ecosystem service conservation in Bangladesh.
Subject: ecosystem service
small-scale fisheries
blue growth
social equity
the Bay of Bengal
ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
MARINE FISHERIES
CONSERVATION
COMMUNITIES
POTENTIALS
MANGROVES
POVERTY
IMPACTS
SUPPORT
AREA
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1172 Environmental sciences
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