AQUALIFE Software : A New Tool for a Standardized Ecological Assessment of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems

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Strona , G , Fattorini , S , Fiasca , B , Di Lorenzo , T , Di Cicco , M , Lorenzetti , W , Boccacci , F & Galassi , D M P 2019 , ' AQUALIFE Software : A New Tool for a Standardized Ecological Assessment of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems ' , Water , vol. 11 , no. 12 , 2574 . https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122574

Title: AQUALIFE Software : A New Tool for a Standardized Ecological Assessment of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems
Author: Strona, Giovanni; Fattorini, Simone; Fiasca, Barbara; Di Lorenzo, Tiziana; Di Cicco, Mattia; Lorenzetti, Walter; Boccacci, Francesco; Galassi, Diana M. P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2019-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Water
ISSN: 0310-0367
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322376
Abstract: We introduce a suite of software tools aimed at investigating multiple bio-ecological facets of aquatic Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems (GDEs). The suite focuses on: (1) threats posed by pollutants to GDE invertebrates (Ecological Risk, ER); (2) threats posed by hydrological and hydromorphological alterations on the subsurface zone of lotic systems and groundwater-fed springs (Hydrological-Hydromorphological Risk, HHR); and (3) the conservation priority of GDE communities (Groundwater Biodiversity Concern index, GBC). The ER is assessed by comparing tolerance limits of invertebrate species to specific pollutants with the maximum observed concentration of the same pollutants at the target site(s). Comparison is based on an original, comprehensive dataset including the most updated information on tolerance to 116 pollutants for 474 freshwater invertebrate species. The HHR is assessed by accounting for the main direct and indirect effects on both the hyporheic zone of lotic systems and groundwater-fed springs, and by scoring each impact according to the potential effect on subsurface invertebrates. Finally, the GBC index is computed on the basis of the taxonomical composition of a target community, and allows the evaluation of its conservation priority in comparison to others.
Subject: AQUALIFE software
groundwater dependent ecosystems
threats
biodiversity
ENVIRONMENTAL RISK-ASSESSMENT
QUALITY OBJECTIVES
HYPORHEIC EXCHANGE
PESTICIDE MIXTURES
ALLUVIAL AQUIFERS
WATER BODIES
RIVER
STREAMS
FAUNA
ZONE
1172 Environmental sciences
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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