Sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland is rarely an immunoglobulin G4-related disease in the Finnish population

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Peuraharju , E , Saarinen , R , Aro , K , Mäkinen , L K , Tarkkanen , J , Mäkitie , A , Haglund , C , Hagström , J & Atula , T 2020 , ' Sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland is rarely an immunoglobulin G4-related disease in the Finnish population ' , Modern Pathology , vol. 33 , no. 4 , pp. 551-559 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41379-019-0395-5

Title: Sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland is rarely an immunoglobulin G4-related disease in the Finnish population
Author: Peuraharju, Elin; Saarinen, Riitta; Aro, Katri; Mäkinen, Laura K.; Tarkkanen, Jussi; Mäkitie, Antti; Haglund, Caj; Hagström, Jaana; Atula, Timo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, Korva-, nenä- ja kurkkutautien klinikka
University of Helsinki, Department of Pathology
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki, HUS Abdominal Center
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2020-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Modern Pathology
ISSN: 0893-3952
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322454
Abstract: Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis may represent one of many manifestations of an immunoglobulin G4-related disease. However, existing studies typically consist of small patient cohorts rarely conducted in Western populations. The clinical behavior of chronic sclerosing sialadenitis, including follow-up data, warrants further study. Thus, we aimed to determine whether chronic sclerosing sialadenitis always presents as IgG4-related disease or associates with autoimmune diseases and to determine which additional examinations patients may require. Between 2000 and 2017, 51 patients undergoing submandibular gland resection within the Helsinki University Hospital area were diagnosed with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis. We re-evaluated all specimens and performed immunostaining for IgG4. IgG and CD31 stainings were performed for IgG4-positive specimens. IgG4-related disease diagnosis was defined by the Boston consensus statement criteria. We revised clinical data, distributing a follow-up questionnaire to patients to register symptoms of IgG4-related disease or autoimmune disease during follow-up. The chronic sclerosing sialadenitis criteria were fulfilled in 34 patients, whereby 17 were diagnosed as non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis. In 19 cases, a sialolith associated with a salivary gland lesion. In total, 12 of 51 cases were recognized as IgG4-positive, while two met the criteria for IgG4-related disease. These two cases belonged to the non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis group, and both involved other organs. The histopathological features between chronic sclerosing sialadenitis and non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis overlapped regarding the degree of fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrates. In the Finnish population, chronic sclerosing sialadenitis of the submandibular gland does not appear to present as IgG4-related disease. Non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis can associate with IgG4-related disease. A histopathological distinction between chronic sclerosing sialadenitis and non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis is not always unequivocal and the presence of a sialolith does not exclude IgG4-positivity. Therefore, immunostaining for IgG4 should be performed when dense plasma cell infiltration is present in either non-sclerosing chronic sialadenitis or chronic sclerosing sialadenitis.
Subject: IGG4-RELATED DISEASE
KUTTNER TUMOR
MECHANISMS
STATEMENT
3111 Biomedicine
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