The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi in the Decomposition of Fresh Residue and Soil Organic Carbon : A Mini-Review

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Wei , L , Vosatka , M , Cai , B , Ding , J , Lu , C , Xu , J , Yan , W , Li , Y & Liu , C 2019 , ' The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi in the Decomposition of Fresh Residue and Soil Organic Carbon : A Mini-Review ' , Soil Science Society of America Journal , vol. 83 , no. 3 , pp. 511-517 . https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2018.05.0205

Titel: The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi in the Decomposition of Fresh Residue and Soil Organic Carbon : A Mini-Review
Författare: Wei, Lili; Vosatka, Miroslav; Cai, Bangping; Ding, Jing; Lu, Changyi; Xu, Jinghua; Yan, Wenfei; Li, Yuhong; Liu, Chaoxiang
Upphovmannens organisation: Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Urban Ecosystems
Datum: 2019
Språk: eng
Sidantal: 7
Tillhör serie: Soil Science Society of America Journal
ISSN: 0361-5995
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2018.05.0205
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322495
Abstrakt: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are widespread in terrestrial ecosystems. In addition to their contributions to plant nutrient uptake, AMF also provide many ecological functions including regulation of soil C dynamics. However, both stimulating and retarding soil organic decomposition by AMF have been observed. Here we discuss the possible reasons for such a contradiction. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi contribute to soil aggregation mainly through hyphal enmeshment, saprotrophic suppression, and production of glomalin-related soil proteins, while AMF can also stimulate organic decomposition through promoting degradative enzymes, modifying root production and activity, and/or through regulating the microbial community in the mycorrhizosphere and hyphosphere. The role of AMF in C decomposition is strongly dependent on the quality and quantity of different soil C pools. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can stimulate fresh residue decomposition initially through stimulating the decomposition of fresh residues (particularly those having high C/N ratio), whereas for older or decomposed soil organic C, AMF tend to suppress decomposition by promoting soil aggregation. Under elevated CO2 (eCO(2)), AMF show additive effects on residue decomposition, priming effects, and changes in soil a regation. Despite organic decomposition rates differing in the short term and long term following litter experiments, our discussion highlights the role of AMF in organic C dynamics. We hypothesize that AMF would benefit soil C gain in the long term and thereby predict that disturbances that impacts negatively on AMF, such as tillage, residue burning, fertilization, and fungicide application, would lead to soil C decline particularly under eCO(2).
Subject: ELEVATED CO2
MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES
MATTER TURNOVER
ATMOSPHERIC CO2
NITROGEN
LITTER
PLANT
GROWTH
ROOT
HYPHAE
4111 Agronomy
415 Other agricultural sciences
Referentgranskad: Ja
Användningsbegränsning: openAccess
Parallelpublicerad version: acceptedVersion


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