Fungal pathogens infecting moss green roofs in Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322656

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Marttinen , E M , Niemi-Kapee , J , Laaka-Lindberg , S & Valkonen , J P T 2020 , ' Fungal pathogens infecting moss green roofs in Finland ' , Urban Forestry & Urban Greening , vol. 55 , 126812 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126812

Title: Fungal pathogens infecting moss green roofs in Finland
Author: Marttinen, Eeva M.; Niemi-Kapee, Juhamatti; Laaka-Lindberg, Sanna; Valkonen, Jari P. T.
Contributor organization: Department of Agricultural Sciences
Fifth Dimension - Vegetated roofs and walls in urban areas
Environmental Sciences
Doctoral Programme in Interdisciplinary Environmental Sciences
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
University Management
Botany
Finnish Museum of Natural History
Doctoral Programme in Sustainable Use of Renewable Natural Resources
Doctoral Programme in Plant Sciences
Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Plant Production Sciences
Plant Pathology and Virology
Date: 2020-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
ISSN: 1618-8667
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2020.126812
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/322656
Abstract: Green roofs play an important role for cities in mediating some problems caused by urbanization. Mosses are ecologically important plants and capable of tolerating harsh conditions, and thus their use for greening building surfaces has become more common. There is only a little information concerning moss-associated microbes, especially those found in green roof environments. Moss-associated microbes might have significant role on the welfare of green roofs as they might induce both beneficial as well as adverse effects on mosses. In this study, the occurrence of fungal populations was studied on green roofs in Finland. A total of 94 samples were collected from nine different green roofs, and 64 fungal isolates and one oomycete were obtained from the brown, necrotic parts of the collected green roof mosses. The most general isolated fungal genus was Trichoderma, comprising 25 different fungal isolates. The second most common genus was Fusarium, with 15 fungal isolates. The third most common genus was Mucor, with nine fungal isolates. Most of the Trichoderma isolates were described as T. harzianum, whereas most of the Fusarium isolates were described as F. acuminatium. In addition, the genera Phoma and Mortierella were frequently present. Fifty-two of 65 isolates caused symptoms in the model plant Physcomitrella patens. The most harmful Trichoderma isolates were described as T. atroviride, T. viride, T. koningiopsis and T. hamatum, all of which caused severe damage to the protonema, stem and leaves. The most harmful Fusarium isolates were F. acuminatium, F. avenaceum and F. tricinctum. The genera Mucor and Mortierella were isolated but they did not cause detectable symptoms in P. patens. These results indicate that many fungal isolates belonging to different genera are able to colonize mosses on green roofs and some of them cause severe damage to the mosses.
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
Greening
Fungi
Bryophytes
Pathogenicity
CLIMATE-CHANGE
HEAT-ISLAND
WATER
SEEDLINGS
IMPACTS
GROWTH
TOOL
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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