Time to look for evidence : Results-based approach to biodiversity conservation on farmland in Europe

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Herzon , I , Birge , T , Allen , B , Povellato , A , Vanni , F , Hart , K , Radley , G , Tucker , G , Keenleyside , C , Oppermann , R , Underwood , E , Poux , X , Beaufoy , G & Prazan , J 2018 , ' Time to look for evidence : Results-based approach to biodiversity conservation on farmland in Europe ' , Land Use Policy , vol. 71 , pp. 347-354 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.12.011

Title: Time to look for evidence : Results-based approach to biodiversity conservation on farmland in Europe
Author: Herzon, I.; Birge, T.; Allen, B.; Povellato, A.; Vanni, F.; Hart, K.; Radley, G.; Tucker, G.; Keenleyside, C.; Oppermann, R.; Underwood, E.; Poux, X.; Beaufoy, G.; Prazan, J.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
Date: 2018-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Land Use Policy
ISSN: 0264-8377
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/323531
Abstract: Increased use of annual payments to land managers for ecological outcomes indicates a growing interest in exploring the potential of this approach. In this viewpoint, we drew on the experiences of all schemes paying for biodiversity outcomes/results on agricultural land operating in the EU and EFTA countries with the aim of reviewing the decisive elements of the schemes' design and implementation as well as the challenges and opportunities of adopting a results-based approach. We analysed the characteristics of results-based schemes using evidence from peer-reviewed literature, technical reports, scheme practitioners and experts in agri-environment-climate policy. We developed a typology of the schemes and explored critical issues influencing the feasibility and performance of results-based schemes. The evidence to date shows that there are at least 11 advantages to the results-based approach not found in management-based schemes with similar objectives, dealing with environmental efficiency, farmers' participation and development of local biodiversity-based projects. Although results-based approaches have specific challenges at every stage of design and implementation, for many of these the existing schemes provide potential solutions. There is also some apprehension about trying a results-based approach in Mediterranean, central and eastern EU Member States. We conclude that there is clear potential to expand the approach in the European Union for the Rural Development programming period for 2021-2028. Nevertheless, evidence is needed about the approach's efficiency in delivering conservation outcomes in the long term, its additionality, impact on the knowledge and attitudes of land managers and society at large, development of ways of rewarding the achievement of actual results, as well as its potential for stimulating innovative grassroots solutions.
Subject: Agri-environment-climate schemes
Agri-environment schemes
Outcome-based instruments
Participatory methods
Policy implementation
1172 Environmental sciences

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