Antibodies Against Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in European Moose and White-Tailed Deer in Finland

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Loikkanen , E , Oristo , S , Hämäläinen , N , Jokelainen , P , Kantala , T , Sukura , A & Maunula , L 2020 , ' Antibodies Against Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in European Moose and White-Tailed Deer in Finland ' , Food and Environmental Virology , vol. 12 , no. 4 , pp. 333-341 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-020-09442-0

Title: Antibodies Against Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) in European Moose and White-Tailed Deer in Finland
Author: Loikkanen, Emil; Oristo, Satu; Hämäläinen, Natalia; Jokelainen, Pikka; Kantala, Tuija; Sukura, Antti; Maunula, Leena
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Veterinary Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health





Date: 2020-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Food and Environmental Virology
ISSN: 1867-0342
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12560-020-09442-0
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/323928
Abstract: The main animal reservoirs of zoonotic hepatitis E virus (HEV) are domestic pigs and wild boars, but HEV also infects cervids. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of HEV in Finnish cervid species that are commonly hunted for human consumption. We investigated sera from 342 European moose (Alces alces), 70 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and 12 European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). The samples had been collected from legally hunted animals from different districts of Finland during 2008–2009. We analysed the samples for total anti-HEV antibodies using a double-sandwich ELISA assay. Seropositive sera were analysed with RT-qPCR for HEV RNA. HEV seroprevalence was 9.1% (31/342) in moose and 1.4% (1/70) in white-tailed deer. None of the European roe deer were HEV seropositive (0/12). No HEV RNA was detected from samples of seropositive animals. HEV seropositive moose were detected in all districts. Statistically, HEV seroprevalence in moose was significantly higher (p 
Subject: 413 Veterinary science
Hepatitis E virus
HEV
Seroprevalence
Cervid
Zoonosis
WILD BOAR
RED DEER
SEROPREVALENCE
TRANSMISSION
PREVALENCE
INFECTION
POPULATIONS
PATHOGENS
FOODBORNE
CONTACT
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