Forest and woodland replacement patterns following drought-related mortality

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dc.contributor.author Batllori, Enric
dc.contributor.author Lloret, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Aakala, Tuomas
dc.contributor.author Anderegg, William R. L.
dc.contributor.author Aynekulu, Ermias
dc.contributor.author Bendixsen, Devin P.
dc.contributor.author Bentouati, Abdallah
dc.contributor.author Bigler, Christof
dc.contributor.author Burk, C. John
dc.contributor.author Camarero, J. Julio
dc.contributor.author Colangelo, Michele
dc.contributor.author Coop, Jonathan D.
dc.contributor.author Fensham, Roderick
dc.contributor.author Floyd, M. Lisa
dc.contributor.author Galiano, Lucia
dc.contributor.author Ganey, Joseph L.
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Jacobsen, Anna L.
dc.contributor.author Kane, Jeffrey Michael
dc.contributor.author Kitzberger, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Linares, Juan C.
dc.contributor.author Marchetti, Suzanne B.
dc.contributor.author Matusick, George
dc.contributor.author Michaelian, Michael
dc.contributor.author Navarro-Cerrillo, Rafael M.
dc.contributor.author Pratt, Robert Brandon
dc.contributor.author Redmond, Miranda D.
dc.contributor.author Rigling, Andreas
dc.contributor.author Ripullone, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Sanguesa-Barreda, Gabriel
dc.contributor.author Sasal, Yamila
dc.contributor.author Saura-Mas, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Suarez, Maria Laura
dc.contributor.author Veblen, Thomas T.
dc.contributor.author Vila-Cabrera, Albert
dc.contributor.author Vincke, Caroline
dc.contributor.author Ben Zeeman
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-07T08:05:01Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-07T08:05:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11-24
dc.identifier.citation Batllori , E , Lloret , F , Aakala , T , Anderegg , W R L , Aynekulu , E , Bendixsen , D P , Bentouati , A , Bigler , C , Burk , C J , Camarero , J J , Colangelo , M , Coop , J D , Fensham , R , Floyd , M L , Galiano , L , Ganey , J L , Gonzalez , P , Jacobsen , A L , Kane , J M , Kitzberger , T , Linares , J C , Marchetti , S B , Matusick , G , Michaelian , M , Navarro-Cerrillo , R M , Pratt , R B , Redmond , M D , Rigling , A , Ripullone , F , Sanguesa-Barreda , G , Sasal , Y , Saura-Mas , S , Suarez , M L , Veblen , T T , Vila-Cabrera , A , Vincke , C & Ben Zeeman 2020 , ' Forest and woodland replacement patterns following drought-related mortality ' , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , vol. 117 , no. 47 , pp. 29720-29729 . https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2002314117
dc.identifier.other PURE: 158765835
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 2480d714-8b61-4167-be5b-f7ce886c20f0
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000593986600018
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-0160-6410/work/86483390
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324097
dc.description.abstract Forest vulnerability to drought is expected to increase under anthropogenic climate change, and drought-induced mortality and community dynamics following drought have major ecological and societal impacts. Here, we show that tree mortality concomitant with drought has led to short-term (mean 5 y, range 1 to 23 y after mortality) vegetation-type conversion in multiple biomes across the world (131 sites). Self-replacement of the dominant tree species was only prevalent in 21% of the examined cases and forests and woodlands shifted to nonwoody vegetation in 10% of them. The ultimate temporal persistence of such changes remains unknown but, given the key role of biological legacies in long-term ecological succession, this emerging picture of postdrought ecological trajectories highlights the potential for major ecosystem reorganization in the coming decades. Community changes were less pronounced under wetter postmortality conditions. Replacement was also influenced by management intensity, and postdrought shrub dominance was higher when pathogens acted as codrivers of tree mortality. Early change in community composition indicates that forests dominated by mesic species generally shifted toward more xeric communities, with replacing tree and shrub species exhibiting drier bioclimatic optima and distribution ranges. However, shifts toward more mesic communities also occurred and multiple pathways of forest replacement were observed for some species. Drought characteristics, species-specific environmental preferences, plant traits, and ecosystem legacies govern post drought species turnover and subsequent ecological trajectories, with potential far-reaching implications for forest biodiversity and ecosystem services. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
dc.rights cc_by_nc_nd
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject drought-induced mortality
dc.subject forest dynamics
dc.subject forest resilience
dc.subject global tree mortality
dc.subject climate change
dc.subject MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD
dc.subject RESEARCH FRONTIERS
dc.subject VEGETATION SHIFTS
dc.subject INDUCED TREE
dc.subject ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject DYNAMICS
dc.subject FIRE
dc.subject RESILIENCE
dc.subject MANAGEMENT
dc.subject REGRESSION
dc.subject 4112 Forestry
dc.title Forest and woodland replacement patterns following drought-related mortality en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Forest Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Boreal forest dynamics and biodiversity research group
dc.contributor.organization Forest Ecology and Management
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2002314117
dc.relation.issn 0027-8424
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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