Chinese Regulation on Reproductive Rights and International Law

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Law en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Juridiska fakulteten sv
dc.contributor.author Mo, Peien
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202101141169
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324555
dc.description.abstract This thesis analyzes Chinese regulation on reproductive rights. Since 1949, China’s policy on regulation of population has changed many times. The main reason behind the regulation is to coordinate with the economic and social development of China, as stated in China’s domestic laws. Though economic and social development is a legitimate aim, Chinese regulation of people’s reproductive rights may still violate international law, especially international human rights law. In the first chapter of the thesis, the author explains how Chinese reproductive rights are regulated, in order to present to the readers about the historical trace of family planning policy and provide a full picture of the ups and downs of the policy. By describing the history of China’s regulation of reproductive rights, readers may have a better understanding of the reason why China regulates people’s reproductive rights. In the second chapter, the author will discuss about China’s human rights standards and its regulation of reproductive rights. China, whose human rights standards are per se different from the western world such as the United States, usually defends itself with the human rights standards such as cultural relativism and communitarianism. With these kinds of human rights standards, the author tries to analyze if China’s regulation on reproductive rights is reasonable and if its choice of human rights standards justifies China’s regulation on reproductive rights. In the third chapter, the author will research on the legality of Chinese regulation on reproductive rights. This is the main part of the research. China has signed and ratified many international conventions and treaties which aim to protect reproductive rights and other related human rights t. In this part, the author will analyze whether China’s regulation on reproductive rights is in accordance to the international human rights law which is binding on China. In the last chapter, through the analysis of the above chapters, the author provides suggestions on how China should better comply with international law. For example, as an international trend, family planning now is becoming a human right instead of civic obligation. In order to fulfil its international obligations, China shall change its attitudes towards family planning and treat it as a service which is compulsory for the State to provide to its citizens. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.subject Reproductive Rights
dc.subject Chinese Family Planning Policy
dc.subject International law
dc.subject Human Rights
dc.title Chinese Regulation on Reproductive Rights and International Law en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dc.subject.discipline Kansainvälinen oikeus fi
dc.subject.discipline International law en
dc.subject.discipline Folkrätt sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202101141169

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