Dyspnea has an association with lifestyle : differences between Swedish and Finnish speaking persons in Western Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324667

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Andersen , H , Ilmarinen , P , Honkamäki , J , Tuomisto , L E , Piirilä , P , Hisinger-Mölkänen , H , Sovijärvi , A , Backman , H , Lundback , B , Rönmark , E , Lehtimäki , L & Kankaanranta , H 2021 , ' Dyspnea has an association with lifestyle : differences between Swedish and Finnish speaking persons in Western Finland ' , European Clinical Respiratory Journal , vol. 8 , no. 1 , 1855702 . https://doi.org/10.1080/20018525.2020.1855702

Title: Dyspnea has an association with lifestyle : differences between Swedish and Finnish speaking persons in Western Finland
Author: Andersen, Heidi; Ilmarinen, Pinja; Honkamäki, Jasmin; Tuomisto, Leena E.; Piirilä, Päivi; Hisinger-Mölkänen, Hanna; Sovijärvi, Anssi; Backman, Helena; Lundback, Bo; Rönmark, Eva; Lehtimäki, Lauri; Kankaanranta, Hannu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, HUS Medical Imaging Center
Date: 2021-01-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
ISSN: 2001-8525
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324667
Abstract: Background Difference in dyspnea mMRC >= 2 between Finnish speaking and Swedish-speaking populations in Finland has not been previously studied. Methods In February 2016, a respiratory questionnaire was sent to 8000 randomly selected subjects aged 20-69 years in western Finland with a response rate of 52.3%. The registered native language of each subject determined whether questionnaire in Finnish or Swedish was applied. Multiple logistic regression was performed to calculate Odds Ratios (OR) with 95% CI for the simultaneous effects of independent variables on dyspnea mMRC >= 2. Results Of all participants, 2780 (71.9%) were Finnish speakers and 1084 (28.1%) were Swedish speakers. Finnish speakers had a higher prevalence of dyspnea mMRC >= 2 (11.1% vs 6.5% p <0.001) when compared to Swedish speakers. Finnish speakers smoked more often, had higher BMI, spent less time moving during the day, had more often occupational exposure to vapours, gases, dusts or fumes (VGDF), and had lower socioeconomic status based on occupation. Significant risk factors for dyspnea mMRC >= 2 were COPD (OR = 10.94), BMI >35 (OR = 9.74), asthma (OR = 4.78), female gender (OR = 2.38), older age (OR = 2.20), current smoking (OR = 1.59), and occupational exposure to VGDF (OR = 1.47). Conclusions Swedish speakers had less dyspnea mMRC >= 2 which is explained by a healthier lifestyle. Smoking, obesity, and occupational exposures should be in focus to improve respiratory health.
Subject: Asthma
COPD
dyspnea
obesity
smoking
physical activity
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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