Towards the European transnational public sphere : Finnish liberal intellectuals and their periodicals between nationalism and internationalism under russification

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324689

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Kortti , J 2020 , ' Towards the European transnational public sphere : Finnish liberal intellectuals and their periodicals between nationalism and internationalism under russification ' , Scandinavian Journal of History , pp. 1-28 . https://doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2020.1823467

Title: Towards the European transnational public sphere : Finnish liberal intellectuals and their periodicals between nationalism and internationalism under russification
Author: Kortti, Jukka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
Date: 2020-10-20
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of History
ISSN: 0346-8755
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324689
Abstract: An important era for the European Enlightenment-founded ‘republic of letters’ was the cultural internationalism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The fin de siècle was also significant in forming the concepts of both the European intellectual and the European public sphere. The starting point of my article is the Finnish liberal cultural intellectuals during this period. In their activities in Europe, these Finnish intellectuals operated in the context of Russification, and that left a national mark. On the other hand, Scandinavia was the first frame of reference for literary-oriented Finnish liberal intellectuals. Through empirical examples from the cultural periodicals they edited, I discuss how periphery intellectuals joined the European republic of letters and how transnationalism in exchanging ideas and sharing universal ideals was realized. The outcome of the article is that although transnationalism in history studies provides a fruitful way to approach the era in question, often nationalism play a significant role in the transnational activities of intellectuals in small nations. Besides the political situation of a young small nation in turmoil, the close relationship between the State and ‘intellectual labour’ makes the Finnish case interesting in terms of transnational history.
Subject: 5201 Political History
615 History and Archaeology
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