Health behaviours and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of disability pension due to different diagnoses : a population-based study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324820

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Ropponen , A , Narusyte , J , Silventoinen , K & Svedberg , P 2020 , ' Health behaviours and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of disability pension due to different diagnoses : a population-based study ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 20 , no. 1 , 1507 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09567-8

Title: Health behaviours and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of disability pension due to different diagnoses : a population-based study
Author: Ropponen, Annina; Narusyte, Jurgita; Silventoinen, Karri; Svedberg, Pia
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Karolinska Institutet
University of Helsinki, Sociology
Date: 2020-10-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/324820
Abstract: BackgroundTo investigate whether the clustering of different health behaviours (i.e. physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption) influences the associations between psychosocial working conditions and disability pension due to different diagnoses.MethodsA population-based sample of 24,987 Swedish twins born before 1958 were followed from national registers for disability pension until 2013. Baseline survey data in 1998-2003 were used to assess health behaviours and psychosocial Job Exposure Matrix for job control, job demands and social support. Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).ResultsDuring follow-up, 1252 disability pensions due to musculoskeletal disorders (5%), 601 due to mental diagnoses (2%) and 1162 due to other diagnoses (5%) occurred. In the models controlling for covariates, each one-unit increase in job demands was associated with higher (HR 1.16, 95%CI 1.01-1.33) and in job control with lower (HR 0.87, 95%CI 0.80-0.94) risk of disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders among those with unhealthy behaviours. Among those with healthy behaviours, one-unit increase of social support was associated with a higher risk of disability pension due to mental and due to other diagnoses (HRs 1.29-1.30, 95%CI 1.04-1.63).ConclusionsJob control and job demands were associated with the risk of disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders only among those with unhealthy behaviours. Social support was a risk factor for disability pension due to mental or other diagnoses among those with healthy behaviours. Workplaces and occupational health care should acknowledge these simultaneous circumstances in order to prevent disability pension.
Subject: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Cohort study
Physical activity
Sick leave
Health behavior
Musculoskeletal disorders
Disability pension
SICKNESS ABSENCE
RISK
ENVIRONMENT
DISORDERS
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